Girish Mahajan (Editor)

21st century BC

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21st century BC

The 21st century BC was a century which lasted from the year 2100 BC to 2001 BC.

Contents

Events

Note: all dates from this long ago should be regarded as either approximate or conjectural; there are no absolutely certain dates, and multiple competing reconstructed chronologies, for this time period.

  • c. 2100 BC – c. 2050 BC: Nanna Ziggurat, Ur (modern Muqaiyir, Iraq) was built.
  • 2091 BC: Beginning of the Patriarchal Age was traditionally set in this year.
  • 2080 BC: Ninth Dynasty wars in Egypt.
  • 2080 BC: First Intermediate Period of Egypt ended. Middle Kingdom began in Ancient Egypt.
  • 2071 BC: Magh Ithe, first recorded battle in Ireland myths.
  • 2070 BC (disputable): Yu the Great set up the Xia Dynasty, which isn't verified by archeological findings, some propose the Erlitou culture.
  • c. 2064 BC – 1986 BC: Twin Dynasty wars in Egypt.
  • c. 2055 BC: End of First Intermediate Period of Egypt. Start of Middle Kingdom. (another date is 2040 BC).
  • c. 2055 BC: Mentuhotep II from Thebes managed to reunite Ancient Egypt and began to rule (other date is 2040 BC).
  • c. 2055 BC – 1985 BC: Funerary Stele of Amenemhat I was made. Eleventh Dynasty of Egypt. Excavated in 1915–1916. It is now kept in Egyptian Museum, Cairo. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • C. 2050 BC: The Eruption of Mt.Mariveles in the Philippines, cause a great Ash falls.
  • c. 2049 BC: Oak trees for Seahenge felled.
  • 2040 BC: Beginning of the Xia Dynasty, the first dynasty and government system in China.
  • 2034 BC – 2004 BC: Ur–Amorite wars.
  • c. 2009 BC – 1997 BC: Funerary temple of Mentuhotep III was built. Eleventh Dynasty.
  • 2004 BC: Elamite destruction of Ur.
  • c. 2000 BC: Aegean Bronze Age ended.
  • Significant persons

  • Mentuhotep II
  • Ur-Nammu, 3rd dynasty of Ur
  • Shulgi of Urim
  • Legendary people

  • According to Abrahamic religious tradition, the era of the Patriarch Abraham (however, other datings include 19th century BC, and/or 17th century through 15th century BC)
  • According to Hindu tradition, lifetime of Rama, the 7th Avatar of Vishnu
  • Inventions, discoveries, introductions

  • 2100 BC—Earliest extant law code in Mesopotamia, the Code of Ur-Nammu
  • 2037 BC—Emperor Shen Nong makes first herbal medicine named as "tea" (different from modern tea) and a few herbal poison.(perhaps mythical)
  • Sovereign states

    See: List of sovereign states in the 21st century BC.

    References

    21st century BC Wikipedia


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