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1st Saeima

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1st Saeima

1st Saeima was the parliament of Latvia from November 7, 1922 until November 2, 1925. It was the first Saeima to be elected after the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia had created the Constitution of Latvia and the Elections law.

Social Democrat Frīdrihs Vesmanis was Speaker of the Saeima until March 17, 1925 followed by Social Democrat Pauls Kalniņš.

1st Saeima gave confidence to the 1st cabinet of Zigfrīds Anna Meierovics (July 20, 1922 – January 26, 1923), cabinet of Jānis Pauļuks (January 27, 1923 – June 27, 1923), 2nd cabinet of Meierovics (28 June 1923 – 26 January 1924), cabinet of Voldemārs Zāmuēls (January 25, 1924 – December 17, 1924) and the 1st cabinet of Hugo Celmiņš (December 19, 1924 – December 23, 1925).

Elections and Parties

1st Saeima elections were held on October 7-8, 1922 and 82,2% (800,840 people) of eligible voters participated. Due to the liberal Elections law, 18 parties were elected to the 100 seats, representing all the political and ethnic interest groups of Latvia. Of the 100 MPs, 84 were Latvians, 62 had a higher education, 22 had a secondary education, 7 had graduated from teacher training colleges and 9 had a primary education.

  • Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party – 30 seats
  • Latvian Farmers’ Union – 17 seats
  • Union of Social Democrats – Mensheviks and Rural Workers – 7 seats
  • Democratic Centre and Independents Union - 6 seats
  • Latgalian Christian Peasant and Catholic Party – 6 seats
  • Committee of the German Baltic Parties – 6 seats
  • Non-Partisan National Center – 4 seats
  • Christian National Union – 4 seats
  • Latgalian Farmer-Labour Party - 4 seats
  • New Farmers' Union– 3 seats
  • United List of Russians – 2 seats
  • Agudas Israel – 2 seats
  • Jewish National Bloc– 2 seats
  • Latgalian People's Party – 1 seat
  • Latgalian Farmers Party – 1 seat
  • List of Lithuanians and Catholics – 1 seat
  • Old Believers Central Committee – 1 seat
  • Ceire-Cion – 1 seat
  • Latvia’s Jewish socialdemocratic workers party Bund – 1 seat
  • United Polish Parties – 1 seat.
  • References

    1st Saeima Wikipedia


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