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1st Cruiser Squadron

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1st Cruiser Squadron

The First Cruiser Squadron was a Royal Navy squadron of armoured cruisers that saw service as part of the Mediterranean and Grand Fleets during the First World War. It was originally formed in 1909, but was renamed on 1 January 1913 to First Battle Cruiser Squadron. It was reformed afterwards.

Contents

Background

When the First World War began, the squadron was assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet where it participated in the pursuit of the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and the light cruiser SMS Breslau. It joined the Grand Fleet by January 1915 where it participated in the battles of Dogger Bank and the Battle of Jutland. It was disbanded after the battle as three of its four ships had been sunk.

It was reformed in 1917 with the three large light cruisers of the Courageous class. The squadron was the main British force in the Second Battle of Heligoland Bight in late 1917.

Armoured cruisers

  • Defence - Flagship of Rear-Admiral Ernest C. T. Troubridge. Captain Fawcet Wray
  • Black Prince - Captain Frederick D. Gilpin-Brown
  • Duke of Edinburgh - Captain Henry Blackett
  • Warrior - Captain George H. Borrett
  • Light cruisers

  • Chatham - Captain Sidney R. Drury-Lowe
  • Dublin - Captain John D. Kelly
  • Gloucester - Captain Howard Kelly
  • Weymouth - Captain William D. Church
  • 24 January 1915

  • Duke of Edinburgh - Temporary flagship of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot
  • Black Prince
  • Warrior
  • 22 February 1915

  • Defence - Flagship of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot
  • Duke of Edinburgh
  • Black Prince
  • Warrior
  • 30 May 1916

  • Defence - Flagship of Rear-Admiral Sir Robert K. Arbuthnot
  • Duke of Edinburgh
  • Black Prince
  • Warrior
  • October 1917

  • Courageous
  • Glorious
  • Furious
  • 17 November 1917

  • Courageous
  • Glorious
  • Post Second World War

    Then-Rear Admiral Ralph Edwards, C.B.E. R.N. was Rear Admiral Commanding First Cruiser Squadron, Mediterranean Fleet, and Flag Officer (Air), Mediterranean in the late 1940s. He commanded the squadron from his former command HMS Gambia.

    References

    1st Cruiser Squadron Wikipedia


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