1C Company (Russian: Фирма "1С") is one of the largest independent Russian software developers and publishers. Its headquarters are in Moscow, Russia. It is best known outside Russia as a video game developer whose presence has come to dominate events like the KRI, and whose products have begun to show up for international platforms like the Xbox. On the internal Russian market, 1C is considered a leader in business software as well, however game software represents 98% of the 13 tons of software they have been reported as shipping daily.
1C's comprehensive business software suite 1C:Предприятие (1C:Predpriyatiye, 1C:Enterprise) has held an overwhelming market share for over a decade. 1C is also a leader in localizing and publishing Russian-language versions of international software. For instance, more than half of popular Western video games are licensed and published by 1C. The company has over 700 employees, 10,000 business partners, 4,500 authorized retailers, 1,200 training centers, 200 authorized certification locations and over 280 stores in 100 cities.
1C was founded in 1991 by Boris Nuraliev in Moscow, Russia. The company goal was to provide a software solution to business owners giving them a system that required little or no accounting and development experience.
Both Akella's Sea Dog studio and 1C:Ino-Co (founded as Ino-Co) were acquired in 2007, and 1C Company began to take substantial steps aimed at expansion into the North American video gaming market with distribution deals with Atari, and an appearance at E3 2007. In 2008 the company signed deals for exclusive rights to distribute PC and console games in Russia and CIS countries with titles by Electronic Arts and Gamecock Media Group, and began to offer games for online distribution. By 2009, 1C owned and operated 280 stores with another 4000 franchises based on the 1C license in 600 locations across the former Soviet bloc, and in February of the same year 1C merged with SoftClub (the largest Russian console game publisher and distibutor).
In October 2011, 1C Company secured $200m from Baring Vostok Capital Fund and launched an international service for developers entitled 1C:Developer Network (1C:DN).
Buka Entertainment was acquired by Russian developer and publisher 1C Company in 2008.
While virtually unknown in the West, 1C:Enterprise is a market leader in Russia. "1C:Enterprise 8" technology consists of two parts: 1C:Enterprise platform and 1C Applied Solutions. 1C:Enterprise platform is proprietary and developed only by 1C Company. Current version 1C:Enterprise platform is 8.3 Applied Solution includes Accounting, Contact Management, Inventory Management, Document Management, and others. Applied Solutions is developed by 1C Company and their partners, and is open for modification by any developer. The software is used by tens of thousands of Russian corporations. 1C was one of the first Russian private companies to be awarded with the Russian Federation Government Award in Science in 2002 for development and implementation of 1C:Enterprise.
The 1C:Enterprise platform allows for business oriented application development. The software allows work in thick, thin and web clients. It also supports creating mobile applications for Android and iOS in the same environment using the 1C programming language.
Some international configurations based on the 1C:Enterprise platform are available. Among them are 1C:Accounting Suite and 1C:Small Business.
Primarily considered a sim and strategy specialist, 1C is perhaps the best known outside Russia for developing the famous IL-2 Sturmovik line of World War II combat flight simulators that includes IL-2 Sturmovik (2001), Forgotten Battles (2003), Pacific Fighters (2004), 1946 (2006), Birds of Prey (2009, for consoles), Cliffs of Dover (2011) and Battle of Stalingrad (2013). 1C has also developed Theatre of War, a World War II land-based game published in the West by Battlefront.com.
1C has a long history of in-house development, as well as funding independent developers. 1C works as a publisher and producer with over 30 independent development studios and has produced over 100 projects for PC and consoles including titles like Hard Truck 2, King of the Road, Rig'n'Roll, Space Rangers, Soldiers: Heroes of World War II, Faces of War, Men of War series, Perimeter, Fantasy Wars, Death to Spies, King's Bounty: The Legend and King's Bounty: Armored Princess.
The company continues to distribute titles, with a 2010-2011 release portfolio that included such titles as Men of War: Assault Squad and Men of War: Vietnam, Captain Blood, and Red Orchestra 2: Heroes of Stalingrad.