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1986 in science

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1986 in science

The year 1986 in science and technology involved many significant events, some listed below.


Astronomy and space exploration

  • January 24 – NASA Voyager 2 space probe makes first encounter with Uranus.
  • January 28 – NASA Space Shuttle Challenger explodes on launch, killing all seven astronauts aboard. Their bodies are located by United States Navy divers on March 9.
  • February 19 – The Soviet Union launches the Mir space station.
  • March 8 – Japanese spacecraft Suisei flies by Halley's Comet, studying its UV hydrogen corona and solar wind.
  • Biology

  • May – First reported methods for constructing a monoclonal antibody containing parts from mouse and human antibodies, a required first step toward the development of humanized antibodies used later as medical therapeutics (such as Infliximab).
  • Computer science

  • January 16 – The Internet Engineering Task Force, a standards organization that develops and promotes Internet standards, holds its first meeting, consisting of 21 United States government-funded researchers.
  • January 19 – The first MS-DOS-based personal computer virus, Brain, starts to spread.
  • April 3 – IBM unveils the PC Convertible, the first laptop computer.
  • June 23 – Eric Thomas develops LISTSERV, the first email list management software.
  • Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP) is visualized by Mark Crispin.
  • 3D printing is developed by Charles Hull.
  • Mathematics

  • Summer – Kenneth Alan Ribet demonstrates proof of the ε-conjecture, subsequently known as Ribet's theorem confirming Gerhard Frey's suggestion that the Taniyama–Shimura conjecture implies Fermat's Last Theorem.
  • Lawrence Paulson makes the first release of Isabelle (proof assistant).
  • Lee Sallows introduces the alphamagic square.
  • Technology

  • December 23 – Rutan Voyager becomes the first aircraft to fly around the world without stopping or refueling, landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California after a nine-day trip piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager.
  • Awards

  • Crafoord Prize in Geosciences: Gerald Wasserburg and Claude Jean Allègre
  • Fields Prize in Mathematics: Simon Donaldson, Gerd Faltings and Michael Freedman
  • Nobel Prizes
  • Physics – Ernst Ruska, Gerd Binnig, Heinrich Rohrer
  • Chemistry – Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee, John C. Polanyi
  • Medicine – Stanley Cohen, Rita Levi-Montalcini
  • Turing Award – John Hopcroft, Robert Tarjan
  • Wollaston Medal for Geology – Claude Jean Allègre
  • Deaths

  • January 7 – Rex Wailes (b. 1901), English engineer and historian of technology.
  • January 28
  • Crew of United States Space Shuttle Challenger mission STS-51-L:
  • Greg Jarvis (b. 1944)
  • Christa McAuliffe (b. 1948)
  • Ronald McNair (b. 1950)
  • Ellison Onizuka (b. 1946)
  • Judith Resnik (b. 1949)
  • Dick Scobee (b. 1939)
  • Michael J. Smith (b. 1945)
  • Dorothée Pullinger (b. 1894), French-born British production engineer.
  • April 22 – Dame Honor Fell (b. 1900), English biologist.
  • July 21 – Zhang Yuzhe (b. 1902), Chinese astronomer.
  • October 22 – Albert Szent-Györgyi (b. 1893), Hungarian physiologist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • October 23 – Edward Adelbert Doisy (b. 1893), American biochemist, winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
  • November 25 – Sir Ivan Magill (b. 1888), British anesthesiologist.
  • References

    1986 in science Wikipedia

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