Trisha Shetty

1983 Negev mid air collision

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Site  Negev, Israel
Registration  957
Date  1 May 1983
Summary  Mid-air collision
Name  Markia Schakim
Crew  2
Number of deaths  0
Total survivors  3
1983 Negev mid-air collision httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Type  McDonnell Douglas F-15D Eagle
Operator  106 Squadron Israeli Air Force
Flight origins  Tel Nof Airbase, Nevatim Airbase
Similar  Aeroflot Flight 601, Madrid runway disaster, Gulf Air Flight 771, TAAG Angola Airlines Fl, Aeroflot Flight 5463

In May 1983, two Israeli Air Force aircraft, an F-15 Eagle and an A-4 Skyhawk, collided in mid-air during a training exercise over the Negev region, in Israel. Notably, the F-15 – with a crew of two – managed to land safely at a nearby airbase, despite having its right wing almost completely sheared off in the collision. The lifting body properties of the F-15, together with its overabundant engine thrust, allowed the pilot to achieve this unique feat.

Contents

Accident

On 1 May 1983, during an Israeli Air Force dissimilar air combat training session over the Negev, an F-15D Eagle (or Baz) collided with an A-4 Skyhawk. The pilot of the Skyhawk ejected and his aircraft disintegrated. The right wing of the Eagle was sheared off roughly 2 ft (60 cm) from the root. The F-15 crew, pilot Ziv Nedivi and navigator Yehoar Gal, did not initially realize the extent of the damage, as fuel leaking profusely from the wing attachment and vaporizing was obscuring the area where the wing once was.

The F-15 entered what seemed to be an uncontrollable spin after the collision. Nedivi attempted recovery by engaging the afterburner, and eventually regained control of the aircraft. He was able to maintain control because of the lift generated by the large areas of the fuselage, stabilators, and remaining wing. Diverting to Ramon Airbase, the F-15 landed at twice the normal speed to maintain the necessary lift, and its tailhook was torn off completely during the landing. Nedivi managed to bring his F-15 to a complete stop approximately 20 ft (6 m) from the end of the runway. He was later quoted as saying "(I) probably would have ejected if I knew what had happened." However, he also stated that above a certain speed, the F-15 acted "like a rocket" and did not need wings, effectively becoming something similar to a lifting body.

Aftermath

The aircraft, 106 Squadron's 957 Markia Schakim (Hebrew: מרקיע שחקים‎‎, Sky Blazer), was transported by road to an IAF maintenance unit at Tel Nof, where it was repaired. Having already claimed four enemy aircraft during the 1982 Lebanon War, the repaired aircraft was to claim a shared kill of another Syrian MiG-23 on November 19, 1985.

References

1983 Negev mid-air collision Wikipedia


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