Girish Mahajan

1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

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First system formed  April 30, 1982
Total fatalities  Unknown
Last system dissipated  November 9, 1982
Total damage  Unknown
1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season was part of the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. The season has no official bounds but cyclones tend to form between April and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northern Indian Ocean. There are two main seas in the North Indian Ocean—the Bay of Bengal to the east of the Indian subcontinent and the Arabian Sea to the west of India. The official Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre in this basin is the India Meteorological Department (IMD), while the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) releases unofficial advisories. An average of five tropical cyclones form in the North Indian Ocean every season with peaks in May and November. Cyclones occurring between the meridians 45°E and 100°E are included in the season by the IMD.

Contents

Cyclone One (1B)

On April 30 the monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression in the western Bay of Bengal. It tracked northeastward, becoming a tropical storm on the 1st and a cyclone on the 2nd. Its movement became more to the east, and the cyclone continued to quickly intensify, reaching a peak of 145 mph winds just before landfall. The small and compact cyclone hit southern Myanmar on the 4th, and it dissipated the next day over land. Moderate to heavy damage was experienced, but advance warning kept the death toll at only five in an area where hundreds to thousands of deaths are relatively common.

Tropical Storm Two (2B)

Tropical Depression 2B developed from the monsoon trough in the central Bay of Bengal on May 30. It headed northeastward, becoming a tropical storm later that day and reaching a peak of 65 mph winds on the 31st. The storm turned to the northwest, where it weakened to a tropical depression. It restrengthened, and hit near Paradip, India on the 3rd as a 65 mph tropical storm. The storm brought heavy flooding amounting to 140 casualties and destroying over 500,000 homes.

Tropical Storm Three (3B)

Tropical Storm Three, which formed in the central Bay of Bengal on October 13, hit eastern India on the 16th as a 60 mph tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Four (4B)

An area of convection south of the previous storm slowly organized into a tropical storm on October 17. It tracked northwestward, reaching a peak of 60 mph winds before hitting southeastern India on the 18th as a weakened 50 mph storm. 5 casualties can be attributed to this system.

Cyclone Five (5A)

The final storm of the season developed on November 4 in the central Arabian Sea. It tracked northeastward, strengthening into a tropical storm on the 6th and a cyclone on the 7th. The system peaked at 95 mph winds before hitting Veraval, India on the 8th. The cyclone rapidly dissipated, after resulting in 341 casualties and heavy flooding.

References

1982 North Indian Ocean cyclone season Wikipedia


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