Head of state (monarch) – Queen Elizabeth II (consort – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
Governor general – Jules Léger (viceregal consort – Gabrielle Léger)
Prime minister – Pierre Trudeau
Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – Ralph Steinhauer
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – Walter Stewart Owen
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – William John McKeag (until March 15) then Francis Lawrence Jobin
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Hédard Robichaud
Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Gordon Arnaud Winter
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Clarence Gosse
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – Pauline Mills McGibbon
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Gordon Lockhart Bennett
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Hugues Lapointe
Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Stephen Worobetz (until February 29) then George Porteous
Premier of Alberta – Peter Lougheed
Premier of British Columbia – Bill Bennett
Premier of Manitoba – Edward Schreyer
Premier of New Brunswick – Richard Hatfield
Premier of Newfoundland – Frank Moores
Premier of Nova Scotia – Gerald Regan
Premier of Ontario – Bill Davis
Premier of Prince Edward Island – Alexander B. Campbell
Premier of Quebec – Robert Bourassa (until November 25) then René Lévesque
Premier of Saskatchewan – Allan Blakeney
Commissioner of Yukon – James Smith (until July 1) then Arthur MacDonald Pearson
Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Stuart Milton Hodgson
January 14 - The Eaton's catalogue is discontinued.
January 28 - The government of Saskatchewan takes over the province's potash industry.
February 4 - The Supreme Court rules provinces cannot censor movies.
February 7 - Joe Clark is elected leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada replacing Robert Stanfield.
March 23 - The Norman Bethune Memorial unveiled in Montreal
April 1 - The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission is given the power to regulate Canadian television and radio.
April 15 - Dome Petroleum is given approval to drill for oil in the Beaufort Sea.
May 2 - Time's Canadian edition is discontinued.
June 25 - The CN Tower opens to the public in Toronto.
June 30 - Parliament votes to abolish the death penalty.
July 17 - Opening Ceremony of the Montreal Summer Olympic
October 14 - Over a million workers stage a one-day strike to protest wage and price controls.
November 15 - In the Quebec election, René Lévesque's Parti Québécois wins a majority, defeating Robert Bourassa's Parti libéral du Québec.
November 25 - René Lévesque becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Robert Bourassa.
The Timbit is introduced (April 1976)
L'Express de Toronto is created
Marian Engel: Bear
Hugh Hood: Dark Glasses
Joy Fielding: The Transformation
Farley Mowat: Canada North Now: The Great Betrayal
See 1976 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Stephen Leacock Award: Harry J. Boyle, The Luck of the Irish
Vicky Metcalf Award: Suzanne Martel
The Man Who Skied Down Everest becomes the first Canadian dramatic film to win an Academy Award
Second City Television premiers
February 7 - Toronto Maple Leafs star Darryl Sittler scores ten points in one game.
July 17 - The 1976 Summer Olympics open in Montreal.
August 28 - Toronto Metros-Croatia defeat the Minnesota Kicks 3–0, to win Soccer Bowl '76
Walter Wolf Racing becomes first Canadian Formula One constructor.
January 7 - Éric Gagné, baseball player
January 23 - Phillip Boudreault, boxer
February 19 - Brian Price, coxswain, Olympic gold medalist and World Champion
February 23 - Jeff O'Neill, ice hockey player
March 9 - Ben Mulroney, television host
March 23 - Nolan Baumgartner, ice hockey player
April 3 - Daniel Lewis, volleyball player
May 10 - Kristen French, murder victim (d.1992)
May 13 - Jeff Powell, rower and World Champion
May 13 - Bobbi Jo Steadward, field hockey player
May 19 - Jason Botterill, ice hockey player and manager
June 10 - James Moore, politician and Minister
June 13 - Mark Versfeld, swimmer
June 25 - Michelle Bowyer, field hockey player
June 26 - Ed Jovanovski, ice hockey player
July 3 - Wade Belak, ice hockey player
July 5 - Leslie Mahaffy, murder victim (d.1991)
July 12 - Dan Boyle, ice hockey player
July 13 - Sheldon Souray, ice hockey player
August 5 - Jeff Friesen, ice hockey player
August 17 - Eric Boulton, ice hockey player
August 27 - Sarah Chalke, actress
September 5 - Pat Thornton, comedian
September 13 - José Théodore, ice hockey player
September 17 - Zac Bierk, ice hockey player
September 26 - Jean-François Marceau, judoka
October 1 - Denis Gauthier, ice hockey player
October 10 - Shane Doan, ice hockey player
November 6 - Catherine Clark, television broadcaster
November 20 - Laura Harris, actress
November 26 - Mathieu Darche, ice hockey player
December 26 - Nadia Litz, actress
December 26 - Jake Wetzel, rower, Olympic gold medalist and World Champion
February 9 - Percy Faith, band-leader, orchestrator and composer (b.1908)
March 3 - Alexander Wallace Matheson, politician and Premier of Prince Edward Island (b.1903)
April 5 - Wilder Penfield, neurosurgeon (b.1891)
April 11 - Art Alexandre, ice hockey player (b.1909)
May 28 - William Ross Macdonald, politician, Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons and 21st Lieutenant Governor of Ontario (b.1891)
June 10 - William John Patterson, politician and 6th Premier of Saskatchewan (b.1886)
August 4 - Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, newspaper proprietor and media entrepreneur (b.1894)
August 8 - Wilson Duff, anthropologist (b.1925)
August 28 - Lloyd Stinson, politician (b.1904)
September 28 - Raymond Collishaw, World War I flying ace (b.1893)
November 14 - Jean-Paul Beaulieu, politician and chartered accountant (b.1902)
November 29 - Steve Peters, politician (b.1912)
December 4 - Paul Gouin, politician (b.1898)
December 16 - Réal Caouette, politician (b.1917)
December 22 - Olive Diefenbaker, wife of John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (b.1902)
1976 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1976 in Canada.