Head of state (monarch) – Queen Elizabeth II (consort – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
Governor general – Georges Vanier (viceregal consort – Pauline Vanier)
Prime minister – Lester B. Pearson
Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – John Percy Page (until January 6) then Grant MacEwan
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – George Pearkes
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Richard Spink Bowles
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – John B. McNair
Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Fabian O'Dea
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Henry Poole MacKeen
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Earl Rowe
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Willibald Joseph MacDonald
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Paul Comtois (until February 22) then Hugues Lapointe
Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Robert Hanbidge
Premier of Alberta – Ernest Manning
Premier of British Columbia – W.A.C. Bennett
Premier of Manitoba – Dufferin Roblin
Premier of New Brunswick – Louis Robichaud
Premier of Newfoundland – Joey Smallwood
Premier of Nova Scotia – Robert Stanfield
Premier of Ontario – John Robarts
Premier of Prince Edward Island – Walter Shaw (until July 28) then Alexander B. Campbell
Premier of Quebec – Jean Lesage (until June 16) then Daniel Johnson, Sr.
Premier of Saskatchewan – Ross Thatcher
Commissioner of Yukon – Gordon Robertson Cameron (until November 7) then James Smith
Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Bent Gestur Sivertz
January 1: The Canada Pension Plan and the Quebec Pension Plan both begin operation
February 25: Toronto Transit Commission inaugurates the Bloor-Danforth Subway line.
March 4: The Munsinger Affair is Canada's first major political sex scandal
May 1: Army camps, RCAF stations, and the RCN's land-based installations become Canadian Forces bases. Training schools and the pay system are unified.
May 18: Paul Joseph Chartier is killed when a bomb he is carrying goes off on Parliament Hill
June 5: The Union Nationale under Daniel Johnson, Sr. is elected in Quebec.
June 16: Daniel Johnson, Sr., becomes premier of Quebec, replacing Jean Lesage
July 28: Alexander B. Campbell becomes premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Walter Shaw
September 1: The CBC becomes the first Canadian television network to broadcast in colour, followed within days by the private-sector CTV Television Network.
October 14: Montreal inaugurates its metro system (see Montreal Metro).
October 17: The Montreal Metro opens
November 4: Bill C-243, The Canadian Forces Reorganization Act, is introduced in Parliament.
December 31: The Centennial Flame in front of Parliament Hill is lit
The Revolutionary Strategy and the Role of the Avant-Garde outlining the strategy of the FLQ is written.
The Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program is established.
The Medical Care Act is passed, helping set up the Medicare system
The Glenbow Museum opens in Calgary.
Cold Mountain. Singing Hands Series 3 by B. P. Nichol
The Circle Game by Margaret Atwood
Expeditions by Margaret Atwood
Speeches for Doctor Frankenstein by Margaret Atwood
Beautiful Losers by Leonard Cohen
See 1966 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Stephen Leacock Award: George Bain, Nursery Rhymes to Be Read Aloud by Young Parents with Old Children
Vicky Metcalf Award: Fred Savage
March 3: Canadian Neil Young, joins Stephen Stills and Richie Furay to form Buffalo Springfield.
Star Trek premieres starring Montreal actor William Shatner
March 12 – Bobby Hull sets the record for the most goals in an NHL season.
Grey Cup – Saskatchewan Roughriders win 29–14 over the Ottawa Rough Riders
Vanier Cup – St. Francis Xavier X-Men win 40–14 over the Waterloo Lutheran Golden Hawks
Stanley Cup – Montreal Canadiens win 4–2 over the Detroit Red Wings
January 23 – Bernadette Bowyer, field hockey player
January 24 – Michael Forgeron, rower and Olympic gold medalist
January 30 – Doug Wood, pole vaulter
February 20 - Louis Ferreira, actor
February 27 – Donal Logue, actor
March 1 – Susan Auch, speed skater and double Olympic silver medalist
March 20 – Chris Gifford, field hockey player
March 25 – Jeff Healey, jazz and blues-rock guitarist and vocalist (d.2008)
March 25 – David Hohl, wrestler
March 29 – Pamela Rai, swimmer and Olympic bronze medalist
March 31 – Nathalie Gosselin, judoka
April 19 – David La Haye, actor
April 24 – David Usher, rock singer-songwriter
May 2 – Belinda Stronach, politician and Minister, businessperson and philanthropist
May 11 – Michelle MacPherson, swimmer and Olympic bronze medalist
May 12 – Anne Ottenbrite, swimmer and Olympic gold medalist
May 23 – Gary Roberts, ice hockey player
June 12 – Michael Redhill, poet, playwright and novelist
June 18 – Kurt Browning, figure skater and four-time World Champion, choreographer
June 24 – Debbie Fuller, diver
June 26 – Kirk McLean, ice hockey player
June 29 – John Part, darts player
June 30 – Peter Outerbridge, actor
July 18 – Lila Feng, weather presenter
August 27 – Gianni Vignaduzzi, track cyclist
September 10 – Joe Nieuwendyk, ice hockey player and manager
September 27 – Gerry Byrne, politician
October 17 – Peter Milkovich, field hockey player and coach
October 24 – Conrad Pla, kickboxer and actor
October 25 – Wendel Clark, ice hockey player
November 9 – Lisa Faust, field hockey player
November 21 – Christopher Bowie, swimmer
December 1 – Larry Walker, baseball player
December 5 – Deb Whitten, field hockey player
December 21 – Kiefer Sutherland, actor
Stéphane Demers, actor
André Gingras, dancer and choreographer (d.2013)
February – Morris Gray, politician (b.1889)
April 8 – Robert Methven Petrie, astronomer (b.1906)
July 11 – Andrew McNaughton, army officer, politician and diplomat (b.1887)
September 5 – William Murdoch Buchanan, politician (b.1897)
September 15 – Leonard Brockington, lawyer, civil servant and first head of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) (b.1888)
October 18 – Elizabeth Arden, businesswoman (b.1884 in Canada)
1966 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1966 in Canada.