Head of state (monarch) – Queen Elizabeth II (consort – Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh)
Governor general – Georges Vanier (viceregal consort – Pauline Vanier)
Prime minister – Lester B. Pearson
Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – John Percy Page
Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – George Pearkes
Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Errick Willis
Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – Joseph Leonard O'Brien
Lieutenant Governor of Newfoundland – Fabian O'Dea
Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Henry Poole MacKeen
Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – William Earl Rowe
Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Willibald Joseph MacDonald
Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Paul Comtois
Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Robert Hanbidge
Premier of Alberta – Ernest Manning
Premier of British Columbia – W.A.C. Bennett
Premier of Manitoba – Dufferin Roblin
Premier of New Brunswick – Louis Robichaud
Premier of Newfoundland – Joey Smallwood
Premier of Nova Scotia – Robert Stanfield
Premier of Ontario – John Robarts
Premier of Prince Edward Island – Walter Shaw
Premier of Quebec – Jean Lesage
Premier of Saskatchewan – Woodrow Lloyd (until May 2) then Ross Thatcher
Commissioner of Yukon – Gordon Robertson Cameron
Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Bent Gestur Sivertz
March 13 – Canada begins a decades-long peacekeeping mission in Cyprus
March 23 – George Stanley first describes and sketches the proposal for Canada's new flag that is eventually accepted
March 26 – The White Paper on Defence is tabled.
March 27 – Several towns in coastal British Columbia, including Prince Rupert, Tofino, Port Alberni and Zeballos, suffer damage from tsunamis associated with the Good Friday earthquake in Alaska. Overall damage is estimated at $10 million.
April – Canadians are issued Social Insurance cards for the first time
April 22 – Saskatchewan election: Ross Thatcher's Liberals win a majority, defeating Woodrow Lloyd's Co-operative Commonwealth Federation
May 2 – W. Ross Thatcher is sworn in as Premier of Saskatchewan
May 27 – The Prime Minister unveils the "Pearson Pennant", his preferred, but ultimately unsuccessful, design for a new national flag.
June 15 – The Great Canadian Flag Debate begins in the House of Commons.
June 19 - The Hall Commission Report recommending the creation of Canada's medicare programme was tabled in the House of Commons.
July 16 – Canada extends its exclusive fishing zone to 12 miles off-shore
September 10 – After almost three months of debate in the Commons, the flag question is referred to an all-party committee.
September 17 – The flag committee meets for the first time.
October 5 – Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh begin an eight-day visit to Canada.
October 22 – The flag committee makes its final selection of the design that will become the national flag.
November 9 - Max Saltsman wins Waterloo South by-election, campaigning against a mere flag taking priority over important social issues such as medicare
November 30 – John Diefenbaker launches a filibuster to try to prevent the introduction of a new Canadian flag
December 16 – Bill creating the new Flag of Canada passed in the House of Commons after much controversy.
Canada pulls its peacekeepers out of Zaire
Glenn Gould gives up doing live performances
Governor General Georges Vanier hosts the "Canadian Conference of the Family"
Innis College founded at the University of Toronto
Canada passes act to change Air Canada's name.
Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man: Marshall McLuhan
The Circle Game: Margaret Atwood
The Laughing Rooster: Irving Layton
Flowers for Hitler: Leonard Cohen
The Stone Angel: Margaret Laurence
See 1964 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.
Stephen Leacock Award: Harry J. Boyle, Homebrew and Patches Clarke Irwin
Vicky Metcalf Award: John F. Hayes
October 4 – The controversial news show This Hour Has Seven Days premieres on CBC.
May 2 – Northern Dancer wins the Kentucky Derby.
Summer – At the Olympic Games held in Tokyo, Japan, Canada wins only a single gold medal.
Stanley Cup – Toronto Maple Leafs win 4–3 over the Detroit Red Wings
Grey Cup – BC Lions win 34–24 over the Hamilton Tiger-Cats
January 10 – Brad Roberts, lead singer and guitarist
January 31 – Sylvie Bernier, diver and Olympic gold medalist
February 1 – Sharon Bruneau, bodybuilder and fitness competitor
February 10 – Victor Davis, swimmer, Olympic gold medalist and World Champion (d.1989)
February 10 – Gregory Edgelow, wrestler
April 1 – Scott Stevens, ice hockey player
April 17 - Rachel Notley, politician and 17th Premier of Alberta
May 13 – Robert Marland, rower and Olympic gold medalist
May 17 - Elfi Schlegel, gymnast
May 24 – Clayton Gerein, Paralympic athlete
May 26 – Paul Okalik, politician and 1st Premier of Nunavut
June 9 – Gloria Reuben, singer and actress
June 14 – Randall Thompson, boxer
June 16 – Brad Fay, sportscaster
June 21 – Rick Duff, boxer
July 14 - Craig McKinley, physician and aquanaut (NEEMO 7 mission) (d. 2013)
July 24 – Erminia Russo, volleyball player
August 6 – Alison Baker, racewalker
August 9 – Brett Hull, ice hockey player and coach
August 17 – Colin James, singer, guitarist and songwriter
August 26 – Dave Boyes, rower and Olympic silver medalist
August 27 – Paul Bernardo, serial killer and rapist
August 30 – Milena Gaiga, field hockey player
September 2 – Keanu Reeves, actor
September 12 – Greg McConnell, indie rock musician (d. 1999)
September 14 – Terrence Paul, rower and Olympic gold medalist
September 18 – Kelly-Ann Way, track cyclist and road bicycle racer
September 22 – Wayne Yearwood, basketball player and coach
September 23 – Diana Dutra, female boxer
September 25 – Ray Lazdins, discus thrower
October 14 – David Kaye, actor and voice actor
October 26 – Marc Lépine, murderer responsible for the École Polytechnique massacre (d.1989)
October 29 – May Allison, long-distance runner
November 9 – Leah Pells, track and field athlete
November 10 – Stephen McNeil, politician and 28th Premier of Nova Scotia
November 14 – Silken Laumann, rower
November 15 – David Caplan, politician and Minister
November 16 – Diana Krall, jazz pianist and singer
December 19 – Lorie Kane, golfer
December 27 – Kevin Patterson, medical doctor and writer
Gary Barwin, poet, author and musician
Maurice Vellekoop, artist and illustrator
January 1 – William Herbert Burns, politician (b. 1878)
January 12 – Byron Ingemar Johnson, politician and 24th Premier of British Columbia (b. 1890)
February 18 – Joseph-Armand Bombardier, inventor, businessman and founder of Bombardier Inc. (b. 1907)
March 3 – Angus MacInnis, politician (b. 1884)
April 4 – Sarah Ramsland, politician, first woman elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan (b. 1882)
April 26 – E. J. Pratt, poet (b. 1882)
June 9 – Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook, business tycoon, politician and writer (b. 1879)
August 7 – Arsène Gagné, Quebec politician (b. 1910)
September 5 – William Sherring, marathon runner and Olympic gold medalist (b. 1878)
December 9 – Elmore Philpott, journalist and politician (b. 1896)
December 14 – Roland Beaudry, politician, journalist, publicist and publisher (b. 1906)
Léoda Gauthier, politician (b. 1904)
1964 in Canada Wikipedia
Events from the year 1964 in Canada.