Samiksha Jaiswal

1946 Nankai earthquake

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Magnitude  8.1 Mw
Areas affected  Japan
Date  21 December 1946
Depth  30 km (19 mi)
Tsunami  Yes
1946 Nankai earthquake httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Casualties  At least 1362 dead, 2600 injured and 100 missing
Similar  1944 Tōnankai earthquake, 1707 Hōei earthquake, 1945 Mikawa earthquake, 1948 Fukui earthquake, 1943 Tottori earthquake

The 1946 Nankai earthquake (昭和南海地震 Shōwa Nankai jishin) was a great earthquake in Nankaidō, Japan. It occurred on December 21, 1946, at 04:19 JST (December 20, 19:19 UTC). The earthquake measured between 8.1 and 8.4 on the moment magnitude scale, and was felt from Northern Honshū to Kyūshū. It occurred almost two years after the 1944 Tōnankai earthquake, which ruptured the adjacent part of the Nankai megathrust.

Contents

Geology

The Nankai Trough is a convergent boundary where the Philippine Sea Plate is being subducted beneath the Eurasian Plate. Large earthquakes have been recorded along this zone since the 7th century, with a recurrence time of 100 to 200 years.

Earthquake

The 1946 Nankaido earthquake was unusual in its seismological perspective, with a rupture zone estimated from long-period geodetic data that was more than twice as large as that derived from shorter period seismic data. In the center of this earthquake rupture zone, scientists used densely deployed ocean bottom seismographs to detect a subducted seamount 13 kilometres (8 mi) thick by 50 kilometres (31 mi) wide at a depth of 10 kilometres (6 mi). Scientists propose that this seamount might work as a barrier inhibiting brittle seismogenic rupture.

Casualties and damage

The earthquake caused extensive damage, eventually destroying 36,000 homes in southern Honshū alone. The earthquake also caused a huge tsunami that took out another 2,100 homes with its 5–6-metre (16–20-foot) waves.

References

1946 Nankai earthquake Wikipedia


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