Neha Patil

1945 in Canada

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1945 in Canada

Events from the year 1945 in Canada.

Contents

Crown

  • Head of state (monarch) – King George VI (consort – Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon)
  • Federal government

  • Governor general – Alexander Cambridge (viceregal consort – Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone)
  • Prime minister – William Lyon Mackenzie King
  • Lieutenant governors

  • Lieutenant Governor of Alberta – John C. Bowen
  • Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia – William Culham Woodward
  • Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba – Roland Fairbairn McWilliams
  • Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick – William George Clark (until November 1) then David Laurence MacLaren
  • Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia – Henry Ernest Kendall
  • Lieutenant Governor of Ontario – Albert Edward Matthews
  • Lieutenant Governor of Prince Edward Island – Bradford William LePage (until May 18) then Joseph Alphonsus Bernard
  • Lieutenant Governor of Quebec – Eugène Fiset
  • Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan – Archibald P. McNab (until February 27) then Thomas Miller (February 27 to June 20) then Reginald John Marsden Parker (from June 22)
  • Premiers

  • Premier of Alberta – Ernest Manning
  • Premier of British Columbia – John Hart
  • Premier of Manitoba – Stuart Garson
  • Premier of New Brunswick – John McNair
  • Premier of Nova Scotia – A.S. MacMillan (until September 8) then Angus Macdonald
  • Premier of Ontario – George A. Drew
  • Premier of Prince Edward Island – J. Walter Jones
  • Premier of Quebec – Maurice Duplessis
  • Premier of Saskatchewan – Tommy Douglas
  • Commissioners

  • Controller of Yukon – George A. Jeckell
  • Commissioner of Northwest Territories – Charles Camsell
  • Events

  • January 8 - Brantford, Ontario becomes the first Canadian community to fluoridate its water supply.
  • 1944-1945: World War II: Japan's Special Balloon Regiment drops 9,000 balloon bombs over the Pacific Northwest, intended to cause panic, by starting forest fires. Six casualties, a woman and her five children in the American state of Oregon, were reported. The ten metre-wide balloons contained 540 cubic metres of hydrogen and reached as far inland as Manitoba. The event was declared a failure and abandoned, after six months.
  • January 20 - World War II: The first conscripted Canadian soldiers arrive overseas
  • February 8 - World War II: The Anglo-Canadian Operation Veritable launched in the Netherlands
  • February 24 - Radio Canada International begins operation
  • February 25 - Sergeant Aubrey Cosens posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross
  • March 1 - Major Frederick Albert Tilston wins the Victoria Cross
  • March 29 - The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan is shut down
  • April 16 - World War II: HMCS Esquimalt is sunk off Halifax by a German U-boat.
  • May 8 - VE Day sees celebrations across the nation, but also the Halifax Riot.
  • June 4 - Ontario general election, 1945: George Drew's PCs win a majority
  • June 11 - Federal election: Mackenzie King's Liberals win a third consecutive majority
  • June 26 - Canada is a founding member of the United Nations
  • August 2 - The Canadian Armoured Corps becomes the Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
  • August 15 - VJ Day marks the end of the Second World War. Over a million Canadians had fought in the conflict and 42,000 were killed.
  • September 5 - The defection of Soviet embassy clerk Igor Gouzenko reveals a Soviet spy ring in Canada.
  • September 8 - Angus Macdonald becomes premier of Nova Scotia for the second time, replacing Alexander MacMillan
  • September 12 - The Ford Motor employees in Windsor, Ontario go on strike.
  • Full date unknown

  • Family allowance payments is introduced.
  • Canada has its first trade surplus with the United States.
  • Arts and literature

  • The Tin Flute (Bonheur d'occasion) by Gabrielle Roy.
  • Sport

  • February 25 - Maurice Richard sets a new record for the most goals in a single ice hockey season.
  • January to March

  • January 15 - Bonnie Burnard, novelist
  • January 18 - Steven Truscott, exonerated murderer
  • January 21 - Len Derkach, politician
  • January 23 - Mike Harris, politician and 22nd Premier of Ontario
  • January 27
  • Harold Cardinal, writer, political leader, teacher, negotiator and lawyer (d.2005)
  • Joe Ghiz, politician and 29th Premier of Prince Edward Island (d.1996)
  • February 2 - Pauline Vaillancourt, singer
  • February 5 - Nancy McCredie, track and field athlete
  • February 19 - Bill Casey, politician
  • February 20 - Donald McPherson, figure skater (d.2001)
  • March 4 - Patrick Boyer, politician and university professor
  • March 6 - John A. MacNaughton, financier and executive (d.2013)
  • March 26 - Diane McGifford, politician
  • March 17 - Dave Bailey, track and field athlete
  • April to June

  • May 27 - Bruce Cockburn, folk/rock guitarist and singer-songwriter
  • June 11 - Robert Munsch, children's writer
  • June 16 - Lucienne Robillard, politician and Minister
  • June 20 - Anne Murray, singer
  • July to September

  • August 4 - Ben Sveinson, politician
  • August 11 - David Walsh, businessman, disgraced head of Bre-X (d.1998)
  • August 12 - Mary Stewart, swimmer and world record breaker
  • August 15 - Rosann Wowchuk, politician and Deputy Premier of Manitoba
  • September 21 - Bjarni Tryggvason, engineer and astronaut
  • October to December

  • October 15 - John Murrell, playwright
  • November 5 - Jacques Lanctôt, member of the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ)
  • November 11 - Norman Doyle, politician
  • November 12 - Neil Young, singer-songwriter, musician and film director
  • December 4 - Roberta Bondar, neurologist and Canada's first female astronaut
  • Full date unknown

  • Felix Partz, artist and co-founder of the artistic collective General Idea (d.1994)
  • Deaths

  • March 2 - Emily Carr, artist and writer (b.1871)
  • March 23 - Walter Charles Murray, first President of the University of Saskatchewan (b.1866)
  • July 17 - Adjutor Rivard, lawyer, writer, judge and linguist (b.1868)
  • October 24 - Franklin Carmichael, painter and Group of Seven member (b.1890)
  • November 1 - Marie Lacoste Gérin-Lajoie, feminist and social activist (b.1867)
  • December 10 - Joseph-Octave Samson, businessperson, politician and 28th Mayor of Quebec City (b.1862)
  • References

    1945 in Canada Wikipedia


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