Puneet Varma (Editor)

1944 in poetry

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1944 in poetry

Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).



  • June 1 & June 5 – The first and second lines respectively of Paul Verlaine's 1866 poem Chanson d'automne (Les sanglots longs des violons de l'automne / Blessent mon cœur d'une langueur monotone.) are broadcast by the Allies over BBC Radio Londres as a coded message to the French Resistance to prepare for the D-Day landings (second broadcast at 22:15 local time). In the ensuing Invasion of Normandy English soldier-poet Keith Douglas is killed; Vernon Scannell (as John Bain) experiences the incident that gives rise to the poem "Walking Wounded" (1965) and is wounded; and, during lulls in the fighting, Dennis B. Wilson is writing the poem that will be published as Elegy of a Common Soldier in 2012.
  • Works published in English

    Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:


  • E. K. Brown, On Canadian Poetry, revised edition (scholarship), Canada
  • Ralph Gustafson, editor, Canadian Accent, anthology
  • A. M. Klein:
  • The Hitleriad
  • Poems
  • Dorothy Livesay, Day and Night. Toronto: Ryerson. Governor General's Award 1944.
  • E. J. Pratt, Collected Poems of E. J. Pratt, Toronto: Macmillan.
  • Ronald Hambleton, editor Unit of five: Louis Dudek, Ronald Hambleton, P. K. Page, Raymond Souster, James Wreford, anthology, Toronto: Ryerson Press, Canada
  • India, in English

  • Harindranath Chattopadhyay:
  • Blood of Stones ( Poetry in English ), including "On the Pavement of Calcutta", a realistic description of suffering in the Bengal famine of 1943; Bombay: Padma Publications
  • Lyrics ( Poetry in English ), Bombay: Padma Publications
  • Nolini Kanta Gupta, To the Height ( Poetry in English ),
  • Humayun Kabir, Mahatma and Other Poems( Poetry in English ); except for the title poem "Mahatama", inspired by the Quit India Movement, and "Rabindranath Tagore", the other poems are reprinted from the author's Poems 1932
  • Fredoon Kabraji, A Minor Georgian's Swan Song ( Poetry in English ), Publisher: Basil Blackwell, Indian poet published in the United Kingdom
  • P. R. Kaikini, Look On Undaunted ( Poetry in English ), Bombay
  • H. D. Sethna, Struggling Heights ( Poetry in English ), Bombay: Karnatak Publishing House
  • Subho Tagore:
  • Flames of Passion ( Poetry in English ), love poems in verse and in the form of prose poems; Calcutta: Susil Gupta Ltd.
  • Rubble, translated by Nilima Devi into English from the original Bengali; Calcutta: The Futurist Publishing House
  • United Kingdom

  • Drummond Allison, The Yellow Night: Poems 1940-41-42-43, posthumous
  • W. H. Auden, For the Time Being: A Christmas Oratorio, English poet living and publishing in the United States
  • George Barker, Eros in Dogma
  • Laurence Binyon, The Burning of the Leaves, and Other Poems
  • John Betjeman, New Bats in Old Belfries
  • Laurence Binyon, The Burning of the Leaves, and Other Poems
  • Edmund Blunden, Shells by a Stream
  • Alex Comfort, Elegies
  • Crown and Sickle poetry anthology in Britain, featuring poets in the New Apocalyptics movement
  • Walter De la Mare, Collected Rhymes and Verses
  • Patric Dickinson, The Seven Days of Jericho
  • T. S. Eliot, Four Quartets, contains "Burnt Norton" (first published 1936 and again 1941), "East Coker" (1940), "The Dry Salvages" (1941), "Little Gidding" (1942)
  • Roy Fuller, A Lost Season
  • W. S. Graham, The Seven Journeys
  • Robert Greacen, Northern Harvest and One Recent Evening, Northern Ireland poet
  • J. F. Hendry, and Henry Treece, editors, The Crown and Sickle, anthology
  • Laurie Lee, The Sun My Monument
  • John Lehmann, The Sphere of Glass, and Other Poems
  • Louis MacNeice, Springboard
  • R. P. L. Mogg, For This Alone, and Other Poems
  • Mervyn Peake, Rhymes Without Reason
  • John Pudney, Almanack of Hope
  • Herbert Read, A World Within a War
  • E. J. Scovell, Shadows of Chrysanthemums, and Other Poems
  • William Soutar, The Expectant Silence
  • A. P. Wavell (comp.), Other Men's Flowers, anthology
  • Charles Williams, The Region of the Summer Stars
  • United States

  • Franklin P. Adams, Nods and Becks
  • Conrad Aiken, The Soldier
  • W. H. Auden, For the Time Being
  • E. E. Cummings, 1 X 1
  • Babette Deutsch, Take Them, Stranger
  • Hilda Doolittle, writing under the pen name "H.D.", The Walls Do Not Fall, first part of Trilogy (1944–46) on the blitz in war-time London
  • Stanley J. Kunitz, Passport to the War
  • Robert Lowell, Land of Unlikeness, Cummington, Massachusetts: Cummington Press
  • William Meredith, Love Letter from an Impossible Land
  • Marianne Moore, Nevertheless
  • Kenneth Rexroth, The Phoenix and the Tortoise
  • Muriel Rukeyser, Beast in View
  • Karl Shapiro, V-Letter and Other Poems
  • Jesse Stuart, Album of Destiny
  • Mark Van Doren, Seven Sleepers
  • Louise Varèse, translator, Eloges and Other Poems, translated from the original French of Saint-John Perse; introduction by Archibald MacLeish, New York: Norton
  • Robert Penn Warren, Selected Poems, 1923—1943
  • William Carlos Williams:
  • Collected Later Poems
  • The Wedge
  • Other in English

  • James K. Baxter, Beyond the Palisade, his first volume of poetry, New Zealand
  • Seaforth Mackenzie, The Moonlit Doorway, Sydney: Angus and Robertson; Australia
  • Kenneth Slessor, One Hundred Poems, 1919-1939, Sydney: Angus and Robertson, Australia
  • Works published in other languages

    Listed by nation where the work was first published and again by the poet's native land, if different; substantially revised works listed separately:


  • Jean Cassou, Trente-trois sonnets composes au secret
  • Robert Desnos, Contrée
  • Paul Éluard, Au Rendez-vous allemand
  • Pierre Jean Jouve, Pour les Ombres Lausanne, Switzerland: Cahiers de Poésie French poet published in Switzerland
  • Alphonse Métérié, Les Cantiques du Frère Michel
  • Saint-John Perse, French poet published in his native language while in exile in Argentina:
  • Pluies, Buenos Aires: Les Editions Lettres Françaises (republished in Exil, suivi de Poème à l'étrangère; Pluies; Neiges Paris: Gallimard 1945)
  • Quatre poèmes, 1941-1944, Buenos Aires: Les Editions Lettres Françaises (republished as Exil, suivi de Poème à l'étrangère; Pluies; Neiges Paris: Gallimard 1945)
  • Indian subcontinent

    Including all of the British colonies that later became India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Listed alphabetically by first name, regardless of surname:


  • Badarayan, Kedi
  • Prahlad Parekh Bari Bahar
  • Umashankar Joshi, Prachina, a "dialogue-poem"
  • Hindi

  • Anchala Rameshvar Shukla, Lal Cunar, lyrics celebrating love, youth and revolt
  • Girija Kumar Mathur, Manjir, many of these poems have themes of nature and intense love
  • Rangeya Raghav, Ajeya Khandhar, pragativadi-movement poetry about the battle of Stalingrad, depicted to illustrate the human struggle for freedom
  • Shyam Narayan Pandey, Jauhar, depicting the self-sacrifice of Padmini, queen of Chittor, written in a folk style
  • Other Indian languages

  • A. N. Krishna Rao, Pragati Sila Sahitya, 15 essays in Kannada on the Pragatisila Caluvali (progressive movement) in Indian literature
  • Bhimaraj Bhambiru, also known as "Mangal"; Mumgha Moti, written in doha form, the poems are addressed to an individual Mangala; Rajasthani-language
  • Joseph Mundasseri, written in Malayalam-language:
  • Manadandam, criticism about Indian classical literature, particularly Kalidasa
  • Mattoli, a comparison of three major works of poetry: Kumaran Asan's Karuna, Vallathol's Magdalana Mariyam and Ulloor's Pingala
  • K. V. Puttappa, also known as "Kuvempu", Kogile Mattu Soviet Russia, verses with a focus on the common man, which was pioneering for Kannada poetry of the time; a recurring theme in the poems is rejection of institutionalized religion
  • Kshama Rao, Miralahari, Khanda Kavya poetry on Meera, the medieval Indian saint-poet; Sanskrit-language
  • Mahjoor, Kalam-e-Mahjoor "No. 8", Kashmiri-language ghazals and vatsan's
  • Mohammad Jamil Ahmad, Tazkirah-yi Sha'irat-i Urdu, literary criticism of Urdu-language women poets, with biographical information and selections from their poems
  • Mohammad Mujib, Insha, adab aur adib, Urdu essays in literary criticism
  • Prabhjot Kaur, Palkan Ohle, love poems; Punjabi-language
  • Shrikrishna Powale, Agniparag; Marathi-language
  • Va. Ramaswamy Ayyangar, Makakavi Paratiyar, Tamil biography of the Tamil poet Bharati
  • Spanish language

  • Delmira Agustini, Poesías, posthumously published (died 1914), prologue by Luisa Luisi (Motevideo, Claudio García & Co., Uruguay
  • Vicente Aleixandre, Sombra del paraíso ("Shadows of Paradise"); Spain
  • César Moro, pen name of César Quíspez Asín, Lettre d'amour, Peru
  • Stella Sierra, Canciones de mar y luna ("Songs of Sea and Moon"), Panama
  • Other languages

  • Nathan Alterman, Plague Poems, Israel
  • Nizar Qabbani, The Brunette Told Me, Syrian poet writing in Arabic
  • Giorgos Seferis, Ημερολόγιο Καταστρώματος ΙΙ ("Deck Diary II"), Greece
  • Awards and honors

  • Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (later the post would be called "Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress"): Robert Penn Warren appointed this year. He would serve until 1945.
  • Governor General's Award, poetry or drama: Day and Night, Dorothy Livesay (Canada)
  • Births

    Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

  • February 3 – Sandra Alcosser, American
  • February 9 – Alice Walker, African-American novelist, poet, writer and feminist
  • March 9 – Ndoc Gjetja (died 2010), Albanian poet and magazine editor
  • March 21 – Pedro Pietri (died 2004), Puerto Rican and Nuyorican poet and playwright, co-founder of Nuyorican Poets Cafe
  • August 25
  • Margaret Gibson (died 1999), African-American
  • Sherley Anne Williams, African-American
  • August 31 – Lorenzo Thomas, American
  • September 24 – Eavan Boland, Irish
  • September 25 – bpNichol, Canadian
  • October 10 – Linda Rogers, Canadian poet and children's writer
  • October 12 – Lewis MacAdams, American poet, journalist and activist, founder of Friends of The Los Angeles River (FoLAR) in 1985
  • October 16 – Paul Durcan, Irish
  • December 3 – Craig Raine, English poet and critic
  • December 10 – Carol Rumens, English poet, writer, literary editor and academic
  • December 18 – Michael Davidson, American
  • Also:
  • Kathryn Stripling Byer, American poet, teacher; North Carolina Poet Laureate, 2005–2009
  • David Constantine, British poet, translator, editor and academic
  • Susan Ioannou, Canadian
  • Penn Kemp, Canadian poet, novelist, playwright and sound poet
  • Mary Kinzie, American
  • Robert C. Morgan, American art critic, art historian, curator, poet and artist
  • Patrick O'Connell (died 2005), Canadian
  • Jergen Theobaldy, German
  • Deaths

    Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:

  • January 7 – Napoleon Lapathiotis (born 1888), Greek
  • January 19 – Frederick George Scott (born 1861), Canadian poet
  • February 12 – Olive Custance (born 1874), British poet
  • March 5 – Alun Lewis (born 1915), Anglo-Welsh school poet and war poet killed in Burma
  • March 28 – Stephen Leacock, Canadian writer and economist
  • April 4 – John Peale Bishop, American poet and man of letters
  • May 22 – William Ellery Leonard (born 1876), American poet and academic
  • June 5 – (Doris) Capel Boake (born 1889), Australian writer
  • June 9 – Keith Douglas, war poet died in World War II in the D-Day invasion of Normandy; he was killed by enemy mortar fire while his regiment was advancing from Bayeux and is buried at the war cemetery at Tilly-sur-Seuilles.
  • June – Joseph Campbell (born 1879), Irish poet and lyricist
  • July 3 – A. H. Reginald Buller, a British/Canadian mycologist mainly known as a researcher of fungi and wheat rust who also wrote limericks, some of which were published in Punch
  • July 18 – Thomas Sturge Moore (born 1870), English poet, author and artist
  • September 26 – Eunice Tietjens (born 1884), American poet, novelist, journalist, children's author, lecturer, and editor
  • October 2 or 3 – Benjamin Fondane (born 1898), Romanian-French Symbolist poet, critic and existentialist philosopher gassed in Auschwitz concentration camp
  • November 22 – Sadakichi Hartmann (born 1867), American
  • November 24 – Jun Tsuji 辻 潤 (born 1884), Japanese author, poet, essayist, translator, musician and bohemian
  • December 17 – Robert Nichols (born 1893), poet and dramatist
  • Also:
  • Olivia Bush (born 1869), poet and journalist
  • References

    1944 in poetry Wikipedia

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