High Commissioner - Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope
Emir of Transjordan - Abdullah I bin al-Hussein
Prime Minister of Transjordan - Ibrahim Hashem
5 January - The founding of the kibbutz Sde Nahum by members of the Sadeh group from the Mikveh Israel agricultural school, as well as Jewish immigrants from Austria, Germany and Poland.
31 January - The founding of the kibbutz Masada
25 February - The founding of the kibbutz Ginosar by a group of young socialists, on Palestine Jewish Colonization Association (PICA) land that had been leased to settlement of Migdal.
21 March - The founding of the kibbutz Sha'ar HaGolan by members of the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement from Czechoslovakia and Poland.
9 April - The founding of the moshav Beit Yosef
13 April - The founding of the moshav Mishmar HaShlosha
20 May - The founding of moshav Kfar Shmaryahu by Romanian Jews
30 June - The founding of the kibbutz Tirat Zvi as part of the tower and stockade settlement enterprise. The founders were Jews from Poland, Romania and Germany.
4 July - The founding of the moshav B'nai B'rith
5 July - The founding of the kibbutz Ein HaShofet
6 July - The founding of the kibbutz Ein Gev
6 July - The founding of the moshav Tzur Moshe
7 July - The Peel Commission publishes a report that recommends the end of the Palestine mandate and its partition into separate Arab and Jewish states.
13 September - The founding of the kibbutz Kfar Szold
26 September - The British District Commissioner for the Galilee Lewis Yelland Andrews is assassinated in Nazareth by a gang of armed Arabs. His assassination was considered to represent the apex of the great Arab revolt in Palestine. Andrews's murder causes Britain to respond by outlawing the Arab Higher Committee.
1 October - Following the assassination of the British District Commissioner for the Galilee, the British authorities ban all Arab nationalist political organisations and arrests members of the Arab Higher Committee. Four of whom are deported to the Seychelles. Haj Amin al-Husseini and Jamal al-Husseini avoid arrest and leave the country.
9 November - The founding of the kibbutz Usha as a tower and stockade settlement by a Polish gar'in group.
5 January – Dan Tichon, former Israeli politician
26 March - Ahmed Qurei, Palestinian Prime Minister
May - Abu Nidal, Palestinian Arab, founder of Fatah - The Revolutionary Council, a militant Palestinian group, commonly known as the Abu Nidal Organization (died 2002)
28 June – Ahmed Yassin, Palestinian Arab, co-founder and leader of Hamas (died 2004)
5 August – Dan Shomron, Israeli military officer, 13th Chief of Staff of the IDF (died 2008)
6 November – Riah Hanna Abu El-Assal, Israeli Arab Anglican bishop
Full date unknown
Abdul Rahman Ahmed Jibril Baroud, Palestinian Arab poet (died 2010)
Abu Daoud, Palestinian Arab politician and military commander, planned 1972 Munich Olympics massacre (died 2010)
Samir Ghawshah, Palestinian Arab, member of the PLO executive (died 2009)
Raffi Lavie, Israeli artist (died 2007)
Nahid al-Rayyis, Palestinian Arab politician and poet (died 2010)
Hanna Siniora, Palestinian Christian businessman and politician
1937 in Mandatory Palestine Wikipedia
Events in the year 1937 in the British Mandate of Palestine.