| George V|
| John Baird|
Federal, VIC, QLD
| Stanley Bruce, then James Scullin|Monarch – King George V
Governor-General – John Baird, Baronet of Stonehaven
Prime Minister – Stanley Bruce (until 12 October), then James Scullin
Premier of New South Wales – Thomas Bavin
Premier of Queensland – William McCormack (until 21 May), then Arthur Edward Moore
Premier of South Australia – Richard Layton Butler
Premier of Tasmania – John McPhee
Premier of Victoria – William Murray McPherson (until 12 December), then Edmond Hogan
Premier of Western Australia – Philip Collier
Governor of New South Wales – Sir Dudley de Chair
Governor of Queensland – Sir John Goodwin
Governor of South Australia – Sir Alexander Hore-Ruthven
Governor of Tasmania – Sir James O'Grady
Governor of Victoria – Arthur Somers-Cocks, 6th Baron Somers
Governor of Western Australia – Sir William Campion
Centenary of Western Australia
4 April – 1929 Tasmanian floods: A dam on the Cascade River in Tasmania collapses. The subsequent torrent floods the town of Derby, killing fourteen people.
3 June – Fremantle, Western Australia is proclaimed a city.
12 October – A federal election is held. James Scullin leads the Australian Labor Party to victory over the incumbent government of Stanley Bruce. Bruce becomes the first Prime Minister to lose his seat in an election.
30 November – A state election is held in Victoria.
12 December – Premier of Victoria William Murray McPherson refuses to resign after the election, but is defeated by a no confidence motion in the first meeting of parliament. He retires, with Edmond Hogan assuming the premiership.
16 December – Rothbury Riot in which police shoot at locked out miners, killing Norman Brown.
18 January – Sir John Longstaff wins the 1928 Archibald Prize for his portrait of Alexander Leeper.
3 January – Don Bradman makes 112 for Australia v England in the third Test match at Melbourne, his first Test Century.
5 November – Nightmarch wins the Melbourne Cup.
The Australia national rugby league team embarked on the 1929–30 Kangaroo tour of Great Britain.
New South Wales wins the Sheffield Shield
England defeats Australia 4-1 in The Ashes series
South Sydney win the 1929 New South Wales Rugby Football League premiership.
Collingwood football club win their third consecutive AFL Priemiership flag, after an undefeated home and away season. (They go on to win the flag again in 1930 and remain to date  the only team to win 4 flags in a row).
5 January — Veronica Brady (died 2015), religious sister and academic
7 January – Robert Juniper, artist
28 January – Claes Oldenburg, artist
27 February – Jack Arthur Gibson (died 2008), rugby league footballer and coach
31 January – John Stone, politician
1 February – R. A. Simpson, poet (died 2002)
7 February – John Sullivan, politician
16 February – Peter Porter, poet
29 April – Peter Sculthorpe, composer (died 2014)
7 May – Len Fitzgerald, Australian rules footballer
15 May – Kevin Cairns, politician (died 1984)
24 May – Brian Wenzel, actor
26 May – Ernie Carroll, television personality
10 June – Ian Sinclair, politician and former leader of the National Party
12 June – Roy Bull (died 2004), rugby league footballer and coach
23 June – Herb Barker, athlete (died 2006)
26 June – June Bronhill, opera singer (died 2005)
5 July – Jimmy Carruthers, boxer (died 1990)
8 July – Bruce Gyngell, television executive (died 2000)
20 July – David Tonkin, Premier of South Australia (1979–1982)
5 August – Reg Lindsay, country music singer (died 2008)
9 August – John Wheeldon, politician
23 August – Peter Thomson, golfer
25 August – Ron Lord, soccer player
25 September – Jack Rutherford, cricketer
1 October – Ken Arthurson, rugby league footballer, coach and administrator.
31 October – Eddie Charlton, snooker and billiards player (died 2004)
15 November – Eric Robinson, politician
9 December – Bob Hawke, trade union leader and Prime Minister of Australia (1983–1991)
31 December – Doug Anthony, politician
14 July – Walter Baldwin Spencer (born 1860), anthropologist
26 November – John Cockburn (born 1850), Premier of South Australia
1929 in Australia Wikipedia
See also: 1928 in Australia, other events of 1929, 1930 in Australia and the Timeline of Australian history.