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1921 (read as Ayirathi Thollayirathi Irupathi Onnu) is a 1988 Indian historical war film directed by I. V. Sasi, set during the Mappila Uprising of 1921. The film has a star-studded cast including Mammootty, Suresh Gopi, Madhu, T. G. Ravi, Seema, Urvashi and Mukesh. Written by long-time Sasi collaborator T. Damodaran, the film tells the fictional story of Corporal Khader (Mammootty), a former British army officer and World War I veteran, who joins with the Mappila rebels during the Uprising.
Made with a budget of Rs. 1.20 crore, 1921 was then the most expensive film in Malayalam. The film won Kerala State Film Award for Best Film with Popular Appeal and Aesthetic Value in 1988.
The film focuses on bullock cart driver Khader (Mammootty), a retired Corporal and World War I veteran, and Unni Krishnan (Suresh Gopi), a hardline nationalist revolutionary from a family of Hindu landlords. Both men join the brigade of Variyan Kunnathu Kunjahammed Haji (T. G. Ravi), one of the prominent leaders of the 1921 Uprising.
The plot gradually introduces a variety of characters, representing the Malabar society of the 1920s. The film also touches various social dilemmas which led to the 1921 Uprising, the atrocities committed by the British army during the events and the eventual collapse of the rebel unity and organisation.
India Today reported that the film did not performed well at the theaters as expected in the beginning, the budget was ₹1.2 crore (US$190,000) and finally collected over ₹2 crore (US$310,000).
The soundtrack was composed by Tamil composer Shyam. The lyrics of the songs in the film were adapted from folklore Malayalam poems by poets such as Moyinkutty Vaidyar (19th century). Independent India's "national song" Vande Mataram, written by Bengali poet Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (1838 - 1894), is also featured in the film with vocals by K. S. Chithra. Other "playback singers" are Naushad and Vilayil Fazila.
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