The 1920 German football championship, the 13th edition of the competition, was won by 1. FC Nuremberg, defeating SpVgg Fürth 2–0 in the final. It was the first edition of the championship after the First World War and was staged six years after the previous championship in 1914.
For 1. FC Nuremberg it was the first national championship and was the start of Nuremberg's most successful era where the club won five titles in eight seasons from 1920 to 1927, missing out on a sixth one in the inconclusive 1922 championship. Fürth, the defending champions, would go on to win the 1926 and 1929 championship. It was the only encounter of the two Middle Franconian rivals in the final.
Nuremberg's Heinrich Träg and Fürth's Lony Seiderer and Viktor Hierländer were the top scorer of the 1920 championship with four goals each.
Eight clubs qualified for the knock-out competition, the champions of each of the seven regional football championships and the defending German champions.
The teams qualified through the regional championships:
The quarter-finals, played on 16 May 1920:
The semi-finals, played on 30 May 1920: