The 1907 Open Championship was the 47th Open Championship, held 20–21 June at Royal Liverpool Golf Club in Hoylake, England. Arnaud Massy, from France, won the Championship, two strokes ahead of runner-up J.H. Taylor. Massy was the first non-Briton to win the Open Championship.
Qualifying was introduced for the first time, replacing the 36 hole cut. It took place on 18–19 June. The players were divided into two "sections". Those in the first section played 36 holes on the first day while those in the second section played 36 holes on the second day. The leading 30 players and ties qualified from each section. 34 players scoring 165 or better qualified on the first day, led by Massy on 147. In windier conditions, 33 players scoring 170 or better qualified on the second day, led by Taylor on 154. There was some feeling that those qualifying on the first day would benefit from the day's rest.
In a strong wind, Massy and Walter Toogood were the first round leaders with 76 each. The next best scores were 79. At the end of the first day, Massy held a one stroke lead over Taylor and Tom Ball with Tom Williamson and George Pulford a further shot behind.
The strong wind persisted into the second day. In the morning, Massy scored 78 while Taylor's 76 gave him a one shot lead. Harry Vardon's 74 was the best round of the championship and moved him into a tie for third place with Pulford and Ball, five strokes behind Taylor. Vardon's brother, Tom, made a powerful move up the leaderboard with a 75 in the final round to secure a T3 finish.
In the final round, Massy's 77 gave him the title by two strokes from Taylor who scored 80. Taylor had some difficulties on the third hole where he sliced his drive into some long grass and took a 7, going out in 41. He came home in 39 but it wasn't enough to make up for his miscues on the front nine. Massy became the first overseas player to win the Open, while Taylor finished runner-up for the fourth successive time.