The 1902 State Landau is a landau open-topped horse-drawn carriage owned by the United Kingdom for royal use within Britain. It is one of the several landau carriages used by the royal family. It was built in 1902 for the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra, and nowadays is most often seen during State visits conveying Elizabeth II and the visiting head of state to Buckingham Palace (or Windsor Castle) at the head of a procession of carriages.
It has played a significant role in several royal weddings, including those of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981; the Duke of York and Sarah Ferguson in 1986; and the Duke of Cambridge and Catherine Middleton in 2011.
It was also used by the Queen during her Silver Wedding Anniversary in 1972, and in her Silver and Diamond Jubilees in 1977 and 2012.
The Gold State Coach is the primary transport for coronations and other high ceremonial events directly relating to the reigning monarch.