Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

18th United States Congress

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Senate Pres. pro tem:  John Gaillard (DR)
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
House Speaker:  Henry Clay (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
18th United States Congress
Senate President  Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
Members:  48 Senators 213 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Eighteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1823, to March 4, 1825, during the seventh and eighth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Fourth Census of the United States in 1820. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • August 1823: Arikara War fought between the Arikara nation and the United States, the first American military conflict with the Plains Indians.
  • December 2, 1823: Monroe Doctrine: President James Monroe delivered a speech to the Congress, announcing a new policy of forbidding European interference in the Americas and establishing American neutrality in future European conflicts.
  • February 9, 1825: The House of Representatives elected John Quincy Adams as President of the United States
  • Major legislation

  • January 7, 1824: Tariff of 1824, Sess. 1, ch. 4, 4 Stat. 2
  • March 3, 1825: Crimes Act of 1825, Sess. 2, ch. 65, 4 Stat. 115
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


  • President: Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
  • President pro tempore: John Gaillard (DR)
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Henry Clay (DR)
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1826; Class 2 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1828; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1824.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 3
  • vacancy: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 8
  • House of Representatives

  • deaths: 3
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 2
  • Total seats with changes: 10
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Amendments to the Constitution (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Banks in Which Deposits Have Been Made (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Debt Imprisonment Abolition (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Indian Affairs
  • Judiciary
  • Manufactures
  • Marquis de La Fayette (Select)
  • Memorial of the Legislature of Arkansas (Select)
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • National Road from Cumberland to Wheeling (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Peale's Portrait of Washington (Select)
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Lands
  • Roads and Canals (Select)
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Arms Contracts (Select)
  • Banking Memorials (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Charles Bulfinch
  • Librarian of Congress: George Watterston
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: William Staughton (Baptist), elected December 10, 1823
  • Charles P. McIlvaine (Episcopalian), elected December 14, 1824
  • Secretary: Charles Cutts
  • Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Henry B. Bascom (Methodist) elected December 1, 1823
  • Reuben Post (Presbyterian) elected December 6, 1824
  • Clerk: Matthew St. Clair Clarke
  • Doorkeeper: Benjamin Birch
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn, elected December 1, 1823, died
  • John O. Dunn, elected December 6, 1824
  • References

    18th United States Congress Wikipedia

    Similar Topics
    Gunhed (film)
    Sunethra Bandaranaike
    James Blake Miller