— Opening lines of Rudyard Kipling's White Man's Burden, first published this year
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
March 20 – Welsh "tramp-poet" W. H. Davies loses his foot trying to jump a freight train at Renfrew, Ontario.
William Hughes Mearns writes "Antigonish" this year; it won't be published until 1922.
Romesh Chunder Dutt's translation of the Ramayana into English verse is first published, in London.
Shinshisha ("New Poetry Society") founded by Yosano Tekkan in Japan.
Frances Jones Bannerman, Milestones. London.
William Wilfred Campbell, Beyond the Hills of Dream. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin.
Fidelis, Lays of the "True North," and Other Canadian Poems.
John Frederic Herbin, The Marshlands
Archibald Lampman, Alcyone, including "City of the End of Things", the author died while the book was being printed.
Thomas O'Hagan, Songs of the Settlement
Frederick George Scott, Poems Old and New (Toronto: William Briggs).
Francis Sherman, 'The Deserted City: Stray Sonnets. Boston: Copeland and Day.
Arthur Stringer, The Loom of Destiny.
Northland Lyrics, William Carman Roberts, Theodore Roberts & Elizabeth Roberts Macdonald; selected and arranged with a prologue by Charles G.D. Roberts and an epilogue by Bliss Carman. Boston: Small, Maynard & Co. ISBN 0-665-12501-1
Hilaire Belloc, A Moral Alphabet
Laurence Binyon, Second Book of London Visions (see also First Book of London Visions 1896)
Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, Satan Absolved
Gordon Bottomley, Poems at White-Nights
Robert Buchanan, The New Rome: Poems and ballads of our empire
John Davidson, The Last Ballad, and Other Poems
Lord Alfred Douglas (anonymously in 1st edition), The City of the Soul
Ernest Dowson, Decorations: in Verse and Prose
"The Absent-Minded Beggar"
"The White Man's Burden", appears first in McClure's Magazine in the United States; it is parodied this same year in "The Brown Man's Burden", by Henry Labouchère in Truth, a publication in London; the parody is reprinted in the United States in Literary Digest 18 (February 25)
Dora Sigerson, Ballads and Poems
Arthur Symons, Images of Good and Evil
W. B. Yeats, The Wind Among the Reeds including "Aedh Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven"; Irish poet published in the United Kingdom, (John Lane/Bodley Head)
Stephen Crane, War is Kind
Paul Laurence Dunbar, Lyrics of the Hearthside
Hamlin Gillette, The Trail of the Goldseekers
Louise Imogen Guiney, The Martyrs' Idyl
Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden", appears first in McClure's; it is parodied this same year in "The Brown Man's Burden", by Henry Labouchère in Truth, a publication in London; the parody is reprinted in the United States in Literary Digest 18 (February 25)
Edwin Markham, The Man with the Hoe and Other Poems
Howard Llewellyn Swisher, Briar Blossoms: Being a Collection of a Few Verses and Some Prose
Henry Timrod (died 1867), Complete Poems
John Le Gay Brereton, Landlopers, mostly prose, based on a walking tour with Dowell Philip O'Reilly; Australia
W. B. Yeats, The Wind Among the Reeds including "Aedh Wishes for the Cloths of Heaven"; Irish poet published in the United Kingdom, The Wind Among the Reeds, (John Lane/Bodley Head)
Le Poète et l'oiseau ("The Poet and the Bird")
La Jeune Fille nue, France
Stéphane Mallarmé, Poésies, posthumously published
Oscar Vladislas de Lubicz-Milosz, also known as O. V. de L. Milosz, Le Poème des décadences
José Santos Chocano, La epopeya del Morro, Peru
Stefan George, Teppich des Lebens ("The Carpet of Life"); German
Gregorio Martínez Sierra, Diálogos fantásticos ("Fantastic Dialogues"), Spain
1899 in poetry Wikipedia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:January 26 – May Miller (died 1995) African American poet, playwright and educator
February 17 – Jibanananda Das (died 1954), popular Bengali poet
March 7 – Jun Ishikawa 石川淳 pen name of Ishikawa Kiyoshi, Ishikawa (died 1987), Japanese, Shōwa period modernist author, translator and literary critic
March 25 – Jacques Audiberti (died 1965), French playwright, poet, novelist and exponent of the Theatre of the Absurd
March 27 – Francis Ponge (died 1988), French academic, journalist and poet
May 18 – D. Gwenallt Jones (died 1968), Welsh poet
Kazi Nazrul Islam (died 1976), Bengali poet and composer best known as the Bidrohi Kobi ("Rebel Poet"), popular among Bengalis and considered the national poet of Bangladesh
Henri Michaux (died 1984), Belgian, French-language artist, writer and poet who became a French citizen
May 27 – Raymond Knister died (1932), Canadian poet, novelist and short story writer
June 6 – Hildegarde Flanner (died 1987), American poet, author and activist
June 8 – Kaoru Maruyama 丸山 薫 (died 1974), Japanese
July 4 – Benjamin Péret (died 1959), French poet and writer
July 7 – Margaret Larkin (died 1967), American poet
July 21 – Hart Crane (died 1932), American poet
August 1 – F. R. Scott (died 1985), Canadian poet, intellectual and constitutional expert
August 5 – Sakae Tsuboi 壺井栄 (died 1967), Japanese novelist and poet
November 19 – Allen Tate (died 1979), American poet and member of the Fugitives and later the Southern Agrarians.
December 9 – Léonie Adams (died 1988), American poet and Poetry Consultant to the Library of Congress
Date not known:
Jammuneshwar Khataniyar (died 1920), Indian, Assamese-language poet; a woman
Dimbeshwar Neog (died 1966), Indian, Assamese-language poet
Constance Woodrow (died 1937), English-born Canadian poet
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:February 10 — Archibald Lampman, 37 (born 1861), Canadian poet who died while his book, Alcyone, was being printed (see "Works", above)
November 25 — Robert Lowry, 73 (born 1826), American hymnodist