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1890 in the United Kingdom

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1890 in the United Kingdom

Events from the year 1890 in the United Kingdom.



  • Monarch — Victoria
  • Prime Minister — Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative)
  • Events

  • 4 January — First edition of the Daily Graphic, the first British 'picture paper'.
  • 11 January — The British government delivers an ultimatum to Portugal forcing the retreat of Portuguese military forces from land between Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola.
  • 6 February — An underground explosion at Llanerch Colliery, Abersychan in Monmouthshire kills 176.
  • 15 February — Kent Coalfield located.
  • 4 March — The Forth Bridge in Scotland opens. It is 8,296 feet (2,529 m) in length with 2 cantilever spans of 1,710 feet (520 m) making it the longest bridge in Britain and the bridge with the greatest cantilever span in the world.
  • 27 March — Preston North End finish the second season of the Football League as title winners once again.
  • 29 March — Blackburn Rovers win their fourth FA Cup with a 6-1 victory over Sheffield Wednesday in the final at Kennington Oval, London.
  • 12 May — The first official County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol. Yorkshire beat Gloucestershire by eight wickets.
  • 15 May — New elected county councils in Scotland, created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, take up their powers. The County of Edinburgh formally adopts the title Midlothian; the formerly administratively separate counties of Ross and Cromarty are merged; and the Shetland county council formally adopts the spelling Zetland.
  • 28 June — The Baseball Ground is opened in Derby to serve one of eight teams competing in a new national baseball league.
  • 1 July — Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany; Britain cedes Heligoland to Germany in return for Pemba and Zanzibar.
  • 21 July — Battersea Bridge over the River Thames opens in London.
  • 8 September — The future Edward VII becomes involved in the Royal Baccarat Scandal.
  • September — Southampton Dock Strike.
  • 22 October — Colony of Western Australia granted self-governing status.
  • November — Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as New Scotland Yard.
  • 4 November — London's City & South London Railway, the first deep-level underground railway in the world, opens. It runs a distance of 5.1 km (3.2 mi) between the City of London and Stockwell.
  • 17 November — Captain Willy O'Shea divorces his wife, Kitty, for adultery; Charles Stewart Parnell, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, is named as co-respondent.
  • 21 November — Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.
  • 18 December — British East Africa Company takes control of Uganda.
  • Undated

  • Financial panic of 1890 precipitated by the need to guarantee Barings Bank's risky debts in Argentina.
  • Construction of the first large-scale electrical power station, at Deptford.
  • Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London.
  • Construction begins of Britain's first council housing at Arnold Cross, Shoreditch in the East End of London.
  • The Rhymers' Club, a group of poets gathered around W. B. Yeats and Ernest Rhys, begins to meet informally at the Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street, London.
  • Publications

  • Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Sign of Four (originally published as The Sign of the Four in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated February).
  • Volume 1 of James George Frazer's study in religion, The Golden Bough.
  • Rudyard Kipling's novel The Light that Failed (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated January 1891).
  • Arthur Machen's novella The Great God Pan (in the magazine The Whirlwind).
  • William Morris's utopian socialist novel News from Nowhere (serialised in Commonweal).
  • Oscar Wilde's only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated July).
  • Births

  • 30 January — Stewart Menzies, chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (died 1968)
  • 14 February — Nina Hamnett, artist (died 1956)
  • 17 February — Ronald Fisher, biologist (died 1962)
  • 25 February — Myra Hess, pianist (died 1965)
  • 20 March — Owen Williams, civil engineer (died 1969)
  • 31 March — William Lawrence Bragg, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1971)
  • 16 April — Fred Root, cricketer (died 1954)
  • 23 May — Herbert Marshall, actor (died 1966)
  • 16 June — Stan Laurel, actor (died 1965)
  • 15 September — Agatha Christie, writer (died 1976)
  • 24 September — A. P. Herbert, politician and writer (died 1971)
  • 1 October — Stanley Holloway, actor, comedian, singer, and poet (died 1982)
  • 17 October — Roy Kilner, cricketer (died 1928)
  • 15 November — Richmal Crompton, writer (died 1969)
  • 3 December — Walter H. Thompson, Winston Churchill's bodyguard (died 1978)
  • 5 December — David Bomberg, painter (died 1957)
  • 30 December — Lanoe Hawker, fighter pilot (died 1916)
  • Deaths

  • 11 April — Joseph Merrick (the "Elephant Man"), pathological curiosity (born 1862)
  • 20 July — Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet, art collector (born 1818)
  • 11 August — John Henry Newman, Roman Catholic Cardinal (born 1801)
  • 4 October — Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (born 1829)
  • 20 October — Richard Francis Burton, explorer (born 1821)
  • References

    1890 in the United Kingdom Wikipedia

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