|Covid-19|Monarch — Victoria
Prime Minister — Robert Cecil, Marquess of Salisbury (Conservative)
4 January — First edition of the Daily Graphic, the first British 'picture paper'.
11 January — The British government delivers an ultimatum to Portugal forcing the retreat of Portuguese military forces from land between Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola.
6 February — An underground explosion at Llanerch Colliery, Abersychan in Monmouthshire kills 176.
15 February — Kent Coalfield located.
4 March — The Forth Bridge in Scotland opens. It is 8,296 feet (2,529 m) in length with 2 cantilever spans of 1,710 feet (520 m) making it the longest bridge in Britain and the bridge with the greatest cantilever span in the world.
27 March — Preston North End finish the second season of the Football League as title winners once again.
29 March — Blackburn Rovers win their fourth FA Cup with a 6-1 victory over Sheffield Wednesday in the final at Kennington Oval, London.
12 May — The first official County Championship cricket match begins in Bristol. Yorkshire beat Gloucestershire by eight wickets.
15 May — New elected county councils in Scotland, created by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, take up their powers. The County of Edinburgh formally adopts the title Midlothian; the formerly administratively separate counties of Ross and Cromarty are merged; and the Shetland county council formally adopts the spelling Zetland.
28 June — The Baseball Ground is opened in Derby to serve one of eight teams competing in a new national baseball league.
1 July — Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty between the United Kingdom and Germany; Britain cedes Heligoland to Germany in return for Pemba and Zanzibar.
21 July — Battersea Bridge over the River Thames opens in London.
8 September — The future Edward VII becomes involved in the Royal Baccarat Scandal.
September — Southampton Dock Strike.
22 October — Colony of Western Australia granted self-governing status.
November — Scotland Yard, headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, moves to a building on London's Victoria Embankment, as New Scotland Yard.
4 November — London's City & South London Railway, the first deep-level underground railway in the world, opens. It runs a distance of 5.1 km (3.2 mi) between the City of London and Stockwell.
17 November — Captain Willy O'Shea divorces his wife, Kitty, for adultery; Charles Stewart Parnell, leader of the Irish Parliamentary Party, is named as co-respondent.
21 November — Edward King, Anglican bishop of Lincoln, is convicted of using ritualistic practices.
18 December — British East Africa Company takes control of Uganda.
Financial panic of 1890 precipitated by the need to guarantee Barings Bank's risky debts in Argentina.
Construction of the first large-scale electrical power station, at Deptford.
Blackwall Buildings, Whitechapel, noted philanthropic housing, is built in the East End of London.
Construction begins of Britain's first council housing at Arnold Cross, Shoreditch in the East End of London.
The Rhymers' Club, a group of poets gathered around W. B. Yeats and Ernest Rhys, begins to meet informally at the Cheshire Cheese in Fleet Street, London.
Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes novel The Sign of Four (originally published as The Sign of the Four in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated February).
Volume 1 of James George Frazer's study in religion, The Golden Bough.
Rudyard Kipling's novel The Light that Failed (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated January 1891).
Arthur Machen's novella The Great God Pan (in the magazine The Whirlwind).
William Morris's utopian socialist novel News from Nowhere (serialised in Commonweal).
Oscar Wilde's only novel The Picture of Dorian Gray (in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine dated July).
30 January — Stewart Menzies, chief of the Secret Intelligence Service (died 1968)
14 February — Nina Hamnett, artist (died 1956)
17 February — Ronald Fisher, biologist (died 1962)
25 February — Myra Hess, pianist (died 1965)
20 March — Owen Williams, civil engineer (died 1969)
31 March — William Lawrence Bragg, physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1971)
16 April — Fred Root, cricketer (died 1954)
23 May — Herbert Marshall, actor (died 1966)
16 June — Stan Laurel, actor (died 1965)
15 September — Agatha Christie, writer (died 1976)
24 September — A. P. Herbert, politician and writer (died 1971)
1 October — Stanley Holloway, actor, comedian, singer, and poet (died 1982)
17 October — Roy Kilner, cricketer (died 1928)
15 November — Richmal Crompton, writer (died 1969)
3 December — Walter H. Thompson, Winston Churchill's bodyguard (died 1978)
5 December — David Bomberg, painter (died 1957)
30 December — Lanoe Hawker, fighter pilot (died 1916)
11 April — Joseph Merrick (the "Elephant Man"), pathological curiosity (born 1862)
20 July — Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet, art collector (born 1818)
11 August — John Henry Newman, Roman Catholic Cardinal (born 1801)
4 October — Catherine Booth, the Mother of The Salvation Army (born 1829)
20 October — Richard Francis Burton, explorer (born 1821)
1890 in the United Kingdom Wikipedia
Events from the year 1890 in the United Kingdom.