|Covid-19|January 28 – Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad acquires a section of the McKeesport and Belle Vernon Railroad around Belle Vernon, Pennsylvania.
February 22 – Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway (the "Big Four Railroad") gains control of the Peoria and Eastern Railway in southern Illinois.
March – Émile Zola's psychological novel with a railway setting, La Bête Humaine, is published in book form.
March 4 – The Forth Bridge across the Firth of Forth in Scotland is officially opened and its contractor, William Arrol, is knighted.
May 9 – Boston and Maine Railroad ends its lease of the Eastern Railroad of Massachusetts by purchasing it.
May 20 – Wutach Valley Railway opened to provide a strategic route inside Germany without crossing the Swiss border.
July 23 – Narrow gauge Kennebec Central Railroad opens to Togus, Maine.
August 18 – The Kansas City Suburban Belt Railroad, a predecessor of Kansas City Southern Railway, begins operations between Kansas City and Argentine.
August 19 – Pennsylvania Railroad subsidiary Ohio Valley Railway reorganized as the Pittsburg, Ohio Valley and Cincinnati Railroad.
November 4 – Official opening of the City & South London Railway, earliest constituent of the Northern line of the London Underground and the first real deep-level electrified "tube" railway in the world.
November 9 – First section of metre gauge Chemin de fer du Vivarais in southern France opens, using Mallet locomotives.
November 26 – The Mito Railway, in Japan, operates its first freight trains.
First Class О 0-8-0 steam locomotive built for service in Russia. 9129 locomotives of this type will be built up to 1928, making it the country's most numerous.
Klien-Lindner axle patented.
Hugh J. Chisholm forms the Portland and Rumford Falls Railway to link Androscoggin River papermills to the Maine Central Railroad.
Leland Stanford begins his term as Chairman of the Executive Committee for Southern Pacific Railroad.
Charles Francis Adams, Jr. steps down from the presidency of the Union Pacific Railroad.
August 16 - C. P. Couch, president of Kansas City Southern Railway 1939-1941 (d. 1955).
July 15 – Silas Seymour, chief engineer and/or consulting engineer for several railroads in New York in the mid- to late 19th century (b. 1817).
September 30 – Frederick H. Billings, president of Northern Pacific Railway 1879-1881 (b. 1823).
1890 in rail transport Wikipedia
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1890.