Trisha Shetty (Editor)

1885 in the United States

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1885 in the United States

Events from the year 1885 in the United States.

Contents

Federal Government

  • President: Chester A. Arthur (R-New York) (until March 4), Grover Cleveland (D-New York) (starting March 4)
  • Vice President:
  • until March 4: vacant
  • March 4–November 25: Thomas A. Hendricks (D-Indiana)
  • starting November 25: vacant
  • Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
  • Speaker of the House of Representatives: John G. Carlisle (D-Kentucky)
  • Congress: 48th (until March 4), 49th (starting March 4)
  • January–March

  • February 9 – The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
  • February 16 – Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index stood at a level of 62.76, and represented the dollar average of 14 stocks: 12 railroads and two leading American industries.
  • February 21 – United States President Chester A. Arthur dedicates the Washington Monument.
  • March 3 – A subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), is incorporated in New York.
  • March 4 – Grover Cleveland is inaugurated as President of the United States.
  • April–June

  • April 30 – A bill is signed in the New York State legislature forming the Niagara Falls State Park.
  • May – The Depression of 1882–85 ends.
  • June 17 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.
  • July–September

  • July 14 – Sarah E. Goode is the first female African-American to apply for and receive a patent, for the invention of the hideaway bed.
  • August 25 – Laura Ingalls Wilder married Almanzo Wilder.
  • September 2 – The Rock Springs massacre occurs in Rock Springs, Wyoming; 150 white miners attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • September 8 – Saint Thomas Academy is founded in Minnesota.
  • October–December

  • October 13 – The Georgia Institute of Technology is established in Atlanta, Georgia as the Georgia School of Technology.
  • November 25 – Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks dies in office.
  • December 1 – The U.S. Patent Office acknowledges this date as the day Dr Pepper is served for the very first time; the exact date of Dr Pepper's invention is unknown.
  • Undated

  • The first skyscraper (the Home Insurance Building) is built in Chicago, Illinois, USA (10 floors).
  • Michigan Technological University (originally Michigan Mining School) opens its doors for the first time in what is now the Houghton County Fire Hall.
  • Camp Dudley, the oldest continually running boys' camp in America, is founded.
  • Ongoing

  • Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
  • Depression of 1882–85 (1882–1885)
  • Births

  • February 13 – Bess Truman, wife of Harry S. Truman, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (died 1982)
  • February 17 – Steve Evans, baseball player (d. 1943)
  • April 1 – Wallace Beery, actor (d. 1949)
  • May 14 – Ben J. Tarbutton, businessman and politician (d. 1962)
  • May 30 – Arthur E. Andersen, accountant (d. 1947)
  • Deaths

  • January 13 – Schuyler Colfax, 17th Vice President of the United States from 1869 till 1873. (born 1823)
  • January 24 – Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist, journalist, and physician (born 1812)
  • February 12 – Alexandre Mouton, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1843 till 1846. (born 1804)
  • May 4 – Irvin McDowell, Union Army officer known for their defeat in the First Battle of Bull Run (born 1818)
  • July 23 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States from 1869 till 1877. (born 1822)
  • September 3 – William M. Gwin, United States Senator from California from 1850 till 1855 and from 1857 till 1861. (born 1805)
  • October 29 – George B. McClellan, soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician (born 1826)
  • November 25 – Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States from March to November 1885. (born 1819)
  • December 15 – Robert Toombs, United States Senator from Georgia from 1853 till 1861. (born 1810)
  • December 29 – James E. Bailey, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1877 till 1881. (born 1821)
  • References

    1885 in the United States Wikipedia


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