|Covid-19|President: Chester A. Arthur (R-New York) (until March 4), Grover Cleveland (D-New York) (starting March 4)
until March 4: vacant
March 4–November 25: Thomas A. Hendricks (D-Indiana)
starting November 25: vacant
Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
Speaker of the House of Representatives: John G. Carlisle (D-Kentucky)
Congress: 48th (until March 4), 49th (starting March 4)
February 9 – The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
February 16 – Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index stood at a level of 62.76, and represented the dollar average of 14 stocks: 12 railroads and two leading American industries.
February 21 – United States President Chester A. Arthur dedicates the Washington Monument.
March 3 – A subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), is incorporated in New York.
March 4 – Grover Cleveland is inaugurated as President of the United States.
April 30 – A bill is signed in the New York State legislature forming the Niagara Falls State Park.
May – The Depression of 1882–85 ends.
June 17 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.
July 14 – Sarah E. Goode is the first female African-American to apply for and receive a patent, for the invention of the hideaway bed.
August 25 – Laura Ingalls Wilder married Almanzo Wilder.
September 2 – The Rock Springs massacre occurs in Rock Springs, Wyoming; 150 white miners attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
September 8 – Saint Thomas Academy is founded in Minnesota.
October 13 – The Georgia Institute of Technology is established in Atlanta, Georgia as the Georgia School of Technology.
November 25 – Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks dies in office.
December 1 – The U.S. Patent Office acknowledges this date as the day Dr Pepper is served for the very first time; the exact date of Dr Pepper's invention is unknown.
The first skyscraper (the Home Insurance Building) is built in Chicago, Illinois, USA (10 floors).
Michigan Technological University (originally Michigan Mining School) opens its doors for the first time in what is now the Houghton County Fire Hall.
Camp Dudley, the oldest continually running boys' camp in America, is founded.
Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
Depression of 1882–85 (1882–1885)
February 13 – Bess Truman, wife of Harry S. Truman, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (died 1982)
February 17 – Steve Evans, baseball player (d. 1943)
April 1 – Wallace Beery, actor (d. 1949)
May 14 – Ben J. Tarbutton, businessman and politician (d. 1962)
May 30 – Arthur E. Andersen, accountant (d. 1947)
January 13 – Schuyler Colfax, 17th Vice President of the United States from 1869 till 1873. (born 1823)
January 24 – Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist, journalist, and physician (born 1812)
February 12 – Alexandre Mouton, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1843 till 1846. (born 1804)
May 4 – Irvin McDowell, Union Army officer known for their defeat in the First Battle of Bull Run (born 1818)
July 23 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States from 1869 till 1877. (born 1822)
September 3 – William M. Gwin, United States Senator from California from 1850 till 1855 and from 1857 till 1861. (born 1805)
October 29 – George B. McClellan, soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician (born 1826)
November 25 – Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States from March to November 1885. (born 1819)
December 15 – Robert Toombs, United States Senator from Georgia from 1853 till 1861. (born 1810)
December 29 – James E. Bailey, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1877 till 1881. (born 1821)
1885 in the United States Wikipedia
Events from the year 1885 in the United States.