1883 in sports describes the year's events in world sport.
1883 in sports Wikipedia
College championshipCollege football national championship – Yale Bulldogs
EventsModification of the scoring rules produces a system of four points for a touchdown, two points for kicks after touchdowns, two points for safeties, and five for field goals.
EnglandFA Cup final – Blackburn Olympic 2–1 Old Etonians (aet). This is the first time that the FA Cup is won by a professional team and by a team from the north of England.
Burnley FC moves to its present ground at Turf Moor and plays its first game there in February against Rawtenstall, but loses 6–3.
Bristol Rovers founded as Black Arabs FC.
ScotlandScottish Cup final – Dumbarton 2–1 Vale of Leven (replay following 2–2 draw)
National championshipNational League v. American Association – Boston Beaneaters (NL) v. Philadelphia Athletics (AA) cancelled
EventsThe NL, AA, and Northwestern League limit competition in the Tripartite Agreement, the first National Agreement and the birth of so-called "Organised Baseball".
6 September — Chicago White Stockings set a still standing record for Major League Baseball by scoring 18 runs in a single inning (the 7th) in a game against the Detroit Wolverines.
EventsAmerican heavyweight champion John L. Sullivan has a scare when he is knocked down in the first round of his fight against Charley Mitchell in New York City. He recovers to secure a technical knockout when police intervene after the third round and stop the fight. Sullivan goes on tour across America, fighting mainly in exhibition bouts; none of his genuine challengers last more than three rounds.
EventsEngland tours Australia to play a Test series of three matches, England winning 2–1 and so regaining The Ashes for the first time.
EnglandChampion County – Nottinghamshire
Most runs – Walter Read 1,573 @ 47.66 (HS 168)
Most wickets – Ted Barratt 148 @ 15.90 (BB 8–28)
AustraliaMost runs – Alec Bannerman 434 @ 54.25 (HS 101*)
Most wickets – Eugene Palmer 51 @ 11.52 (BB 7–65)
Major tournamentsBritish Open – Willie Fernie
EnglandGrand National – Zoedone
1,000 Guineas Stakes – Hauteur
2,000 Guineas Stakes – Galliard
Epsom Derby – St. Blaise
Epsom Oaks – Bonny Jean
St. Leger Stakes – Ossian
AustraliaMelbourne Cup – Martini-Henry
CanadaQueen's Plate – Roddy Pringle
IrelandIrish Grand National – The Gift
Irish Derby Stakes – Sylph
USAKentucky Derby – Leonatus
Preakness Stakes – Jacobus
Belmont Stakes – George Kinney
The first Montreal Winter Carnival ice hockey tournament is held as part of the Montreal Winter Carnival in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in late January and early February. It is the first championship ice hockey tournament and is won by the Montreal McGill University team.
5 March – The Ottawa Hockey Club is founded.
EventsFirst organised competition takes place in Davos, Switzerland
The Boat Race15 March — Oxford wins the 40th Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race
Home Nations ChampionshipThe inaugural series is won by England
Other eventsFoundation of Hull Kingston Rovers and Hunslet RLFC
EnglandWimbledon Men's Singles Championship – William Renshaw (GB) defeats Ernest Renshaw (GB) 2–6 6–3 6–3 4–6 6–3
USAAmerican Men's Singles Championship – Richard D. Sears (USA) defeats James Dwight (USA) 6–2 6–0 9–7