9 – Paul Kruger becomes President of the South African Republic.
28 – Two ships, the Agnes (94 tonne) and the Christina (196 tonne), run ashore at Plettenberg Bay.
26 – The Stellaland Republic is declared, founding Vryburg as capital.
2 – Kimberley becomes the first town in the southern hemisphere to install electric street lighting.
7 – W.H. Finlay of Cape Town's Royal Observatory is first to record observations of the Great Comet of 1882.
29 – 229 Norwegians settle at the mouth of the Umzimkulu River, founding Port Shepstone.
21 – The Goshen Republic is established with its capital Rooigrond near Mafeking.
Zulu king Cetshwayo returns to South Africa.
In the Cape Colony, the Dutch language is once again admitted as an official language alongside English.
24 February – Jan Gysbert Hugo Bosman aka Bosman de Ravelli, concert pianist and composer, is born in Piketberg.
15 December – Cape Western – Wynberg to Muizenberg, 7 miles 31 chains (11.9 kilometres).
Three new Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the Cape Government Railways (CGR):
Six 2nd Class 4-4-0 Wynberg Tank locomotives on suburban passenger trains out of Cape Town.
The first of 33 4th Class 4-6-0 tank-and-tender locomotives with Stephenson valve gear on the mainlines of all three systems.
The first of 35 4th Class 4-6-0 tank-and-tender locomotives with Joy valve gear on the mainlines of all three systems.
Two new 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge locomotive types enter service on the private Kowie Railway which is under construction from Port Alfred to Grahamstown:
Two 0-6-0 tank locomotives in goods service.
Two 4-4-0 tank locomotives in passenger service.
1882 in South Africa Wikipedia