Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

1878 in Scotland

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1878 in Scotland
Centuries:  17th 18th 19th 20th 21st
Decades:  1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s

Events from the year 1878 in Scotland.

Contents

Incumbents

  • Monarch — Victoria
  • Law officers

  • Lord Advocate — William Watson
  • Solicitor General for Scotland — John Macdonald
  • Judiciary

  • Lord President of the Court of Session and Lord Justice General — Lord Glencorse
  • Lord Justice Clerk — Lord Moncreiff
  • Events

  • 14 January — Alexander Graham Bell demonstrates the telephone to Queen Victoria.
  • 15 March — Restoration of the Scottish hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church, carried out on the instructions of the newly appointed Pope Leo XIII.
  • 31 May — The North British Railway's first Tay Bridge across the Firth of Tay is ceremonially opened, its engineer, Thomas Bouch, being made a burgess of Dundee. Designed in iron to replace a train ferry, it is the world's longest bridge at this date.
  • 12 December — The iron-hulled full-rigged ship Falls of Clyde is launched at Russell & Company's yard at Port Glasgow for Wright and Breakenridge's Glasgow-based Falls Line. In 1968 she will be laid up as a museum ship in Honolulu.
  • Sophia Jex-Blake sets up in practice in Edinburgh as the city's first woman doctor.
  • The hydropathic establishment in Moffat is opened.
  • Construction of forts on Inchkeith begins.
  • West coast shipping operator David Hutcheson & Co. passes wholly to control of David MacBrayne.
  • Births

  • 20 January — Finlay Currie, actor (died 1968 in England)
  • 23 March — Muirhead Bone, graphic artist (died 1953 in England)
  • 12 April — Alex McDonald, footballer (died 1949)
  • 14 December — James Greenlees, rugby union footballer, educationalist and soldier (died 1951)
  • Robert Freeman, Baptist minister in the United States
  • George Wittet, architect (died 1926 in Bombay)
  • Deaths

  • 26 January — Kirkpatrick Macmillan, inventor of the bicycle (born 1812)
  • 19 February — George Paul Chalmers, painter (born 1833; died as the result of a street attack)
  • 6 June — Robert Stirling, Church of Scotland minister and inventor of the Stirling engine (born 1790)
  • 13 August — George Gilfillan, writer and poet (born 1813)
  • 5 December — George Whyte-Melville, novelist and poet (born 1821)
  • 31 December — James Matheson, Member of Parliament and co-founder of Jardine, Matheson & Co. (born 1796)
  • The Arts

  • July — William McGonagall journeys on foot from Dundee to Balmoral Castle over mountainous terrain and through a violent thunderstorm in a fruitless attempt to perform his verse before Queen Victoria.
  • References

    1878 in Scotland Wikipedia


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