|Covid-19|President: Ulysses S. Grant (R-Ohio)
Vice President: Henry Wilson (R-Massachusetts) (until November 22), vacant (starting November 22)
Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
Speaker of the House of Representatives: James G. Blaine (R-Maine) (until March 4), Michael C. Kerr (D-Indiana) (starting December 6)
Congress: 43rd (until March 4), 44th (starting March 4)
January 25 – Anti-Slavery Society forms in New York.
February 25 – The majority of the Yavapai (Wipukyipai) and Tonto Apache (Dil Zhéé) tribes are forced by the U.S. Cavalry under command of Brigadier General George Crook to walk at gunpoint from the Arizona's Verde Valley, to the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, 180 miles to the southeast. The two tribes are not allowed to return to the Verde Valley until 1900.
February 27 – Newton Booth, 11th Governor of California, resigns, having been elected Senator. Lieutenant Governor of California Romualdo Pacheco becomes acting Governor. He is later replaced by elected governor William Irwin.
March 1 – The United States Congress passes the Civil Rights Act, which prohibits racial discrimination in public accommodations and jury duty.
March 15 – Roman Catholic Archbishop of New York John McCloskey is named the first cardinal in the U.S.
April 25 – Ten sophomores from Rutgers College (modern-day Rutgers University) steal a one-ton cannon from the campus of the College of New Jersey (modern-day Princeton University) and start the Rutgers-Princeton Cannon War.
May 17 – Aristides wins the first Kentucky Derby.
June – The record-setting clipper Flying Cloud of 1851 is burned for scrap metal.
June 4 – Two American colleges play each other in arguably the first game of College Football: Tufts University and Harvard University at Jarvis Field in Cambridge, Mass.
October 16 – Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
October 25 – The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.
October 30 – The Theosophical Society is founded in New York by Helena Blavatsky, H. S. Olcott, W. Q. Judge, and others.
November 9 – Indian Wars: In Washington, D.C., Indian Inspector E.C. Watkins issues a report stating that hundreds of Sioux and Cheyenne associated with Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse are hostile to the United States (the Battle of the Little Bighorn is fought in Montana the next year).
December 4 – Notorious New York City politician Boss Tweed escapes from prison and flees to Cuba, then to Spain.
December 9 – The Massachusetts Rifle Association, "America's Oldest Active Gun Club", is formed.
The Tong Wars begin in San Francisco.
Reconstruction era (1865–1877)
Gilded Age (1869–c. 1896)
Depression of 1873–79 (1873–1879)
May 4 – John J. Blaine, United States Senator from Wisconsin from 1927 till 1933. (died 1934)
July 2 – Hubert D. Stephens, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1923 till 1935. (died 1946)
August 11 – Raymond E. Willis, United States Senator from Indiana from 1941 to 1947. (died 1956)
September 17 – John H. Overton, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1933 till 1948. (died 1948)
October 29 – Alva B. Adams, United States Senator from Colorado from 1923 to 1924 and from 1933 to 1941. (died 1941)
November 6 – Richard L. Murphy, United States Senator from Iowa from 1933 till 1936. (died 1936)
November 19 – Hiram Bingham III, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1924 till 1933. (died 1956)
February 5 – William Alfred Buckingham, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1869 till 1875. (born 1804)
February 7 – Edmund Spangler, carpenter and stagehand who was employed at Ford's Theatre at the time of President Abraham Lincoln's murder (born 1825)
May 17 – John C. Breckinridge, 14th Vice President of the United States from 1857 till 1861. (born 1821)
May 20 – Jesse D. Bright, United States Senator from Indiana from 1845 till 1862. (born 1812)
July 8 – Francis Preston Blair, Jr., United States Senator from Missouri from 1871 till 1873. (born 1821)
July 31 – Andrew Johnson, 17th President of the United States from 1865 till 1869, 16th Vice President of the United States from March till April 1865. (born 1808)
August 11 – William Alexander Graham, United States Senator from North Carolina from 1840 to 1843, Confederate States Senator from 1864 to 1865, 30th Governor of North Carolina from 1845 to 1849 and U.S. Secretary of the Navy from 1850 to 1852 (born 1804)
August 17 – John B. Weller, United States Senator from California from 1852 till 1857. (born 1812)
November 21 – Orris S. Ferry, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1867 till 1875. (born 1823)
November 22 – Henry Wilson, 18th Vice President of the United States from 1873 till 1875. (born 1812)
December 27 – William Alexander Richardson, United States Senator from Illinois from 1863 till 1865. (born 1811)
1875 in the United States Wikipedia
Events from the year 1875 in the United States.