Work begins on the Cape Parliamentary buildings (the current South African houses of Parliament).
A college founded at Stellenbosch which later becomes the University of Stellenbosch.
The Cape Government passes legislation to begin government funding of education and colleges.
The South African Teachers' Association is established in the Cape.
The railway line from Port Elizabeth to Uitenhage is partially opened.
The Molteno Government of the Cape passes a parliamentary act to redraw the provincial boundaries of the Cape Colony, from two provinces (Eastern and Western Cape) to seven.
The Molteno Regulations establish the South African public library system, to be implemented throughout South Africa up until 1955.
The Burgerspond, the South African Republic's first coin, is introduced.
7 April – Charlotte Makgomo Maxeke, religious leader and political activist, is born at Ramokgopa near Polokwane.
A single 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) Cape gauge 0-4-0 saddle-tank locomotive is placed in railway construction service on the Midland System of the Cape Government Railways.
A third locomotive enters service on breakwater construction work at Table Bay Harbour, a 7 ft 1⁄4 in (2,140 mm) Brunel gauge 0-4-0 side-tank engine built by Fletcher, Jennings & Co..
1874 in South Africa Wikipedia