Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
April – Charles Baudelaire leaves Paris for Belgium in the hope of resolving his financial difficulties.
The Owl (Montreal)
The Dark Huntsman (a dream) (Montreal)
Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland
Editor, The Ballad Book, anthology
Robert Browning, Dramatis Personae, including "Rabbi Ben Ezra" and "Caliban upon Setebos"
Edward Hartley Dewart, Selections from Canadian Poets, the first anthology of Canadian poetry in English
Robert Lowry, "Beautiful River"
George MacDonald, Adela Cathcart, fairy tales, parables and poems
Winthrop Mackworth Praed, Poems, including a memoir by Derwent Coleridge, posthumously published
William Brighty Rands, anonymously published, Lilliput Levee, for children
Joseph Skipsey, The Collier Lad and other Lyrics
Alfred Lord Tennyson, Enoch Arden
George Henry Baker, Poems of the War
William Cullen Bryant:
Edmund Clarence Stedman, Alice of Monmouth: An Idyll of the Great War and Other Poems
John Greenleaf Whittier, In War Time, United States
Aleardo Aleardi, I fuochi sull'Appennibo, Italy
Alfred de Vigny, Les Destinées, philosophical poems on discipline and social order; posthumously published (died 1863), France
1864 in poetry Wikipedia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:May 4 – Richard Hovey (died 1900), American
February 17 – Andrew "Banjo" Paterson (died 1941), Australian writer and poet
April 30 (April 18 O.S.) – Juhan Liiv (died 1913), Estonian
August 16 – Mary Gilmore (died 1962), Australian poet and journalist
September 18 – Itō Sachio 伊藤佐千夫, pen name of Itō Kojirō (died 1913), Japanese, Meiji period tanka poet and novelist (surname: Itō)
September 29 – Miguel de Unamuno (died 1936), Spanish essayist, novelist, poet, playwright and philosopher
November 30 – Sydney Jephcott (died 1951), Australian
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:January 13 – Stephen Foster (born 1826), American songwriter
January 29 – Lucy Aikin (born 1781), English writer
February 2 – Adelaide Anne Procter (born 1825), English poet, a daughter of poet Bryan Procter
April 18 – Juris Alunāns (born 1832), Latvian philologist and poet
May 20 – John Clare (born 1793), English "peasant poet"
July 4 – Nathaniel Hawthorne (born 1804), American writer
July 6 – George Pope Morris (born 1802), American editor, poet and songwriter
September 17 – Walter Savage Landor (born 1775), English writer and poet
November 3 – Gonçalves Dias (born 1823), Brazilian (shipwreck)