1870s|Monarch – Frederick VII
Prime minister – Carl Christian Hall (until 2 December), Carl Edvard Rotwitt
15 April – An act provides for the Royal Danish Navy as well as the Botanical Gardens to leave Gammelholm which is instead to undergo urban redevelopment. The Navy's activities are moved to Nyholm while the Botanical Gardens relocate to their current site.
28 May – The poet Bernhard Severin Ingemann, a central figure of the Danish Golden Age, turns 70 and receives a golden horn from the women of Denmark at his home at Sorø Academy.
20 September – Copenhagen Zoo is inaugurated.
2 October – Illustreret Tidende, Denmark's first illustrated weekly, is published for the first time.
17 December – Frederiksborg Castle is devastated by fire but Frederiksborg Chapel is saved.
House numbers are introduced in Copenhagen
Albani Brewery is founded on the island of Funen.
21 April – Christian Sonne, politician (died 1941)
13 May – August Enna, composer (died 1939)
16 June – Max Henius, biochemist, co-founder of the American Academy of Brewing (died 1935)
25 June – Gerhard Heilmann, paleontologist, scientific illustrator (died 1946)
18 August – Anna Ancher, painter (died 1935)
September 13 – Anton Rosen, architect (died 1928)
22 September – Rudolph Sophus Bergh, composer (died 1924)
22 October – Thomas Vilhelm Garde, naval officer, Greenland explorer (died 1926)
29 November – Adolf Heinrich-Hansen, paonter (died 1925)
10 December – Peder Mørk Mønsted, painter (died 1941)
13 March – Vilhelm Pedersen, artist, illustrator (born 1820)
24 September – Emanuel Larsen, marine painter (born 1823)
1859 in Denmark Wikipedia
Events from the year 1859 in Denmark.