|Covid-19|David Roberts begins publication of Sketches in the Holy Land (chromolithographs).
Richard Dadd becomes mentally ill during a tour of the Middle East and is thought to be suffering from sunstroke.
Construction work resumes on Cologne Cathedral, after a gap of nearly three centuries.
George Hayter granted a knighthood.
William Fox Talbot receives the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society.
George R. Lewis records the famous carvings at Kilpeck church, Herefordshire.
Dordrechts Museum established in the Netherlands.
Thomas Brigstocke – Alnaschar, the Barber's fifth Brother
Ford Madox Brown – Manfred on the Jungfrau
Thomas Cole – The Voyage of Life (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.)
William Powell Frith – Dolly Varden
Benjamin Haydon – Wordsworth on Helvellyn
Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres – Odalisque with Slave
Daniel Maclise – The Play-scene in Hamlet
Thomas Phillips – Michael Faraday
J. M. W. Turner
Peace – Burial at Sea
Snowstorm – steam boat off a harbour's mouth making signals in shallow water, and going by the lead
War – The Exile and the Rock Limpet
Franz Xaver Winterhalter – Portrait of Prince Albert
June 12 – Harry Hems, English architectural and ecclesiastical sculptor (died 1916)
October 18 – Sydney Prior Hall, English portraitist and illustrator (died 1922)
November 29 – William Blake Richmond, English painter and interior decorator (died 1921)
December 16 – Otto Sinding, Norwegian painter (died 1909)
December 18 – William Anderson, collector of Japanese art (died 1900)
March 16 - Archer James Oliver, British portrait painter (born 1774)
March 30 – Marie Louise Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, painter (born 1755)
May 12 – Walenty Wańkowicz, Belarusian-Polish painter (born 1799)
July 7 – Louis-André-Gabriel Bouchet, French historical painter (born 1759)
July 28 – John Sell Cotman, English artist of the Norwich school especially watercolours (born 1782)
August 28 – Peter Fendi, Austrian portrait and genre painter, engraver, and lithographer (born 1796)
November 17 – John Varley, English watercolour painter and astrologer (born 1778)
Giovanni Balestra, Italian engraver (born 1774)
George Barret, Jr., English landscape painter (born 1767)
Paolo Caronni, Italian engraver (born 1779)
Gilles-François Closson, Belgian landscape painter (born 1796)
Charles Codman, landscape painter of Portland, Maine (born 1800)
Kapiton Pavlov, Russian portrait painter (born 1791)
James Stuart, Irish-Australian painter (born 1802)
1842 in art Wikipedia
Events from the year 1842 in art.