|Covid-19|February 24 – The Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London, is destroyed by fire. On being found drinking wine in the street while watching the conflagration, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, the proprietor, is reported as saying: "A man may surely be allowed to take a glass of wine by his own fireside." The putative manuscript of The History of Cardenio may have been lost in the blaze.
March 1 – The literary and political periodical The Quarterly Review is first published by John Murray in London.
June 1 – Samuel Taylor Coleridge founds The Friend, a weekly periodical which runs for some 25 issues.
July 7 – Jane Austen settles with her sister and mother at Chawton Cottage in Chawton, near Alton, Hampshire, where she is able to resume writing regularly.
September 18 – A new Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, London opens to replace the first burnt down in 1808, with a performance of Macbeth. An increase in ticket prices causes the Old Price Riots which last for 64 days until the manager, John Philip Kemble, reverses the price rise.
The Walnut Street Theatre in Philadelphia is established as "The New Circus" by the Circus of Pepin and Breschard. It is the oldest continuously operating theatre in the English-speaking world and the oldest in the United States.
William Combe begins publication of the verse Tour of Dr Syntax in search of the Picturesque in Ackermann's Political Magazine (London), illustrated by Thomas Rowlandson, satirising William Gilpin's views on the picturesque.
Thomas Campbell – Gertrude of Wyoming
François-René de Chateaubriand – Les Martyrs
Catherine Cuthbertson – Romance of the Pyrenees
Thomas Frognall Dibdin – Bibliomania; or Book-Madness: a bibliographical romance
Maria Edgeworth – Ennui and Manœuvering
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – Elective Affinities (Die Wahlverwandtschaften)
Stéphanie Félicité, Comtesse de Genlis – Alphonso
Anne Grant – Memoirs of an American Lady
Sarah Green – Tales of the Manor
Washington Irving – A History of New-York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty, by Diedrich Knickerbocker
Ivan Krylov – Basni (Fables)
Catherine Manners – The Lords of Erith
Mary Meeke – Laughton Priory
Hannah More – Coelebs in Search of a Wife
Mary Pilkington – The Mysterious Orphan
Anna Maria Porter – Don Sebastian (historical romance)
Shikitei Sanba (式亭 三馬) – Ukiyoburo (publication begins)
Louisa Stanhope – The Age We Live In
Elizabeth Thomas – Monte Video
Heinrich von Kleist – Die Hermannschlacht
Adam Oehlenschläger – Palnatoke
Jacob Boehme – De la Triple Vie de l'Homme (translated into French by Louis Claude de Saint-Martin)
Lord Byron – English Bards and Scotch Reviewers
Jean-Baptiste Lamarck – Philosophie Zoologique
John Roberton – A Treatise on Medical Police, and on Diet, Regimen, &c
January 19 – Edgar Allan Poe, American poet, short story writer and literary critic (died 1849)
March 6 – David Bates, American poet (died 1870)
Nikolai Gogol, Russian dramatist, novelist and short story writer (died 1852)
Edward Fitzgerald, English poet (died 1883)
June 3 – Margaret Gatty, English children's writer (died 1873)
June 13 – Heinrich Hoffmann, German author and children's poet (died 1894)
August 6 – Alfred Tennyson, English poet (died 1892)
August 29 – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., American poet (died 1894)
September 7 – Wilhelmina Gravallius, Swedish novelist (died 1884)
November 27 – Fanny Kemble, English actress (died 1893)
January 3 – Richard Shepherd, English theologian (born c. 1732)
February – John Andrews, English historical writer and pamphleteer (born 1736)
March 11 – Hannah Cowley, English dramatist and poet (born 1743)
March 23 – Thomas Holcroft, English dramatist and miscellanist (born 1745)
March 25 – Anna Seward, English poet (born 1747)
June 8 – Thomas Paine, English political theorist (born 1737)
October 19 – Jean-Henri Gourgaud, French actor (born 1746)
December 21 – Tiberius Cavallo, Italian physicist and natural philosopher (born 1749)
December 23 – József Fabchich, Hungarian translator of Greek poetry and lexicographer (born 1753)
1809 in literature Wikipedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1809.