Suvarna Garge (Editor)

17th United States Congress

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Senate Pres. pro tem:  John Gaillard (DR)
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
House Speaker:  Philip P. Barbour (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
17th United States Congress

Senate President  Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
Members:  48 Senators 187 Representatives 3 Non-voting members

The Seventeenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. While its term was officially March 4, 1821, to March 4, 1823, during the fifth and sixth years of James Monroe's presidency, its first session began on December 3, 1821, ending on May 8, 1822, and its second session began on December 2, 1822, to March 3, 1823. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • March 5, 1821: Second inauguration of James Monroe as President of the United States.
  • States admitted and Territories organized

  • July 10, 1821: The United States took possession of its newly-bought Florida Territory from Spain.
  • August 10, 1821: Missouri was admitted as the 24th U.S. state
  • March 30, 1822: Florida Territory was formed from lands ceded by Spain
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


    During this congress, two Senate seats were added for the new state of Missouri.

    House of Representatives

    For the beginning of this congress, six seats from Massachusetts were reapportioned to the new state of Maine (one seat had already moved during the previous congress), 3 Stat. 555. During this congress, one House seat was added for the new state of Missouri, 3 Stat. 547.


  • President: Daniel D. Tompkins (DR)
  • President pro tempore: John Gaillard (DR), elected December 3, 1821
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Philip P. Barbour (DR), elected December 4, 1821
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class, and Representatives are listed by district.

    Skip to House of Representatives, below


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1826; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1824.

    House of Representatives

    The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 5
  • Democratic-Republicans: no net change
  • Federalists: no net change
  • Deaths: 2
  • Resignations: 6
  • Seats of newly admitted states: 2
  • Vacancies: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 12
  • House of Representatives

  • replacements: 13
  • Democratic-Republicans: 1 seat net gain
  • Federalists: 1 seat net loss
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 15
  • contested election: 2
  • seats of newly admitted states: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 23
  • Committees

    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Amendments to the Constitution (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Debt Imprisonment Abolition (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Finance
  • Foreign Relations
  • Indian Affairs
  • Judiciary
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • National Road from Cumberland to Wheeling (Select)
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Lands
  • Roads and Canals (Select)
  • Tariff Regulation (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accountability of Public Moneys (Select)
  • Accounts
  • Agriculture
  • Arkansas Territorial Limits (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Foreign Affairs
  • Indian Affairs
  • Manufactures
  • Military Affairs
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Charles Bulfinch
  • Librarian of Congress: George Watterston
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: William Ryland (Methodist) elected November 17, 1820
  • Charles P. McIlvaine (Episcopalian) elected December 9, 1822
  • Secretary: Charles Cutts
  • Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly of New Hampshire
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Jared Sparks (Unitarian), elected December 3, 1821
  • John Brackenridge (Presbyterian), elected December 2, 1822
  • Clerk: Thomas Dougherty of Kentucky (died)
  • Matthew St. Clair Clarke of Pennsylvania, elected December 3, 1822
  • Doorkeeper: Benjamin Birch of Maryland, elected December 4, 1821
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn of Maryland
  • References

    17th United States Congress Wikipedia