Harman Patil (Editor)

1797 in science

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1797 in science

The year 1797 in science and technology involved some significant events.

Contents

Chemistry

  • Smithson Tennant demonstrates that diamond is a pure form of carbon.
  • Louis Nicolas Vauquelin discovers chromium.
  • Joseph Proust proposes the law of definite proportions, which states that elements always combine in small, whole number ratios to form compounds.
  • Mathematics

  • Lagrange publishes his Théorie des fonctions analytiques.
  • Physics

  • Giovanni Battista Venturi describes the Venturi effect.
  • Technology

  • October 22 – André-Jacques Garnerin carries out the first descent using a frameless parachute, a 980 m (3,200 feet) drop from a balloon in Paris.
  • Zoology

  • Thomas Bewick publishes the first volume, Land Birds, of his History of British Birds.
  • Awards

  • Copley Medal: Not awarded
  • Births

  • January 3 – Frederick William Hope, British zoologist (died 1862)
  • January 4 – Wilhelm Beer, Prussian astronomer (died 1850)
  • February – Joseph-Alphonse Adhémar, French mathematician (died 1862)
  • February 5 – Jean-Marie Duhamel, French mathematician and physicist (died 1872)
  • March 10 – George Poulett Scrope, British geologist and economist (died 1876)
  • March 21 – Johann Andreas Wagner, German paleontologist, zoologist and archeologist (died 1861)
  • April 29 – George Don, Scottish botanist (died 1856)
  • May 2 – Abraham Gesner, Canadian inventor of kerosene (died 1864)
  • May 30 – Karl Friedrich Naumann, German geologist and mineralogist (died 1873)
  • July 14 – James Scott Bowerbank, British naturalist, geologist and paleontologist (died 1877)
  • July 26 – William Hutton, British geologist and paleontologist (died 1860)
  • August 23 – Adhémar Jean Claude Barré de Saint-Venant, French mechanician and mathematician (died 1886)
  • August 31 – James Ferguson, Scottish-born American astronomer (died 1867)
  • September 1 – Augustin-Pierre Dubrunfaut, French chemist (died 1881)
  • September 10 – Carl Gustaf Mosander, Swedish chemist (died 1858)
  • September 17 – Heinrich Kuhl, German zoologist (died 1821)
  • October 4 – Félix Savary, French astronomer (died 1841)
  • October 5 – John Gardner Wilkinson, British egyptologist (died 1875)
  • November 14 – Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (died 1875)
  • December 3 – Margaretta Morris, American entomologist (died 1867)
  • December 17 – Joseph Henry, American scientist (died 1878)
  • December 23 – Adrien de Jussieu, French botanist (died 1853)
  • date unknown - Mary Buckland, British paleontologist and marine biologist (d. 1857)
  • Deaths

  • March 16 – Cristina Roccati, Italian scholar in physics (born 1732)
  • March 26 – James Hutton, Scottish geologist (born 1726)
  • June 13 – Samuel-Auguste Tissot, Swiss physician (born 1728)
  • August 29 – Joseph Wright, English painter of scientific subjects (born 1734)
  • date unknown – Wang Zhenyi (astronomer) (died 1768)
  • References

    1797 in science Wikipedia


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