Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

1775 Newfoundland hurricane

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Formed  August 29, 1775
Dissipated  September 9, 1775
1775 Newfoundland hurricane 240th Anniversary of the Great Newfoundland Hurricane Hurricane
Fatalities  4,000-4,163 + (8th Deadliest Atlantic hurricane of all-time)
Areas affected  North Carolina, Virginia, Newfoundland
Date  29 August 1775 – 9 September 1775
Affected areas  Newfoundland, North Carolina, Virginia
Similar  1909 Monterrey hurricane, Hurricane Flora, Hurricane Fifi–Orlene, Great Hurricane of 1780, 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane

1775 newfoundland hurricane2

The 1775 Newfoundland hurricane, not to be confused with the Independence Hurricane, was a hurricane that hit the Colony of Newfoundland on September 12, 1775. It is believed to have killed at least 4,000 people, making it one of the deadliest Atlantic hurricanes of all time.


North Carolina and Virginia

1775 Newfoundland hurricane Insider Insights Articles From Juan to Hazel and beyond A look

On August 29, 1775, a hurricane hit the Outer Banks of North Carolina. It turned northeastward and left the state on September 2, bringing heavy wind and rain to southeastern Virginia. A letter from New Bern, North Carolina, recounted, "We had a violent hurricane...which has done a vast deal of damage here, at the Bar, and at Matamuskeet, near 150 lives being lost at the Bar, and 15 in one neighborhood at Matamuskeet."

1775 Newfoundland hurricane Canadian Disasters Newfoundland39s Hurricane of 1775 InfoBarrel

The September 9, 1775, edition of The Virginia Gazette reported: "The shocking accounts of damage done by the rains last week are numerous: Most of the mill-dams are broke, the corn laid almost level with the ground, and fodder destroyed; many ships and other vessels drove ashore and damaged, at Norfolk, Hampton, and York. In the heavy storm of wind and rain, which came on last Saturday, and continued most part of the night, the Mercury man of war as drove from her station abreast of the town of Norfolk, and stuck flat aground in shoal water."

At least 163 people were killed.


1775 Newfoundland hurricane httpsiytimgcomviGZ8e03hWOQhqdefaultjpg

A storm struck the eastern coast of Newfoundland on September 9, 1775. It is uncertain if this storm was the remnants of the hurricane that had crossed the Outer Banks over a week earlier.

1775 Newfoundland hurricane Weather History Newfoundland Hurricane 1775 YouTube

Newfoundland’s fisheries "received a very severe stroke from the violence of a storm of wind, which almost swept everything before it," Commodore Governor Robert Duff wrote shortly after it struck. "A considerable number of boats, with their crews, have been totally lost, several vessels wrecked on the shores," he said. Ocean levels rose to heights "scarcely ever known before" and caused great devastation, Duff reported.

1775 Newfoundland hurricane List of Newfoundland hurricanes Wikipedia

A total of 4,000 sailors, mostly from England and Ireland, were reported to have been drowned. A localized storm surge is reported to have reached heights of between 20 and 30 feet. Losses from the hurricane include two armed schooners of the Royal Navy, which were on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland to enforce Britain's fishing rights.

The hurricane is Atlantic Canada’s first recorded hurricane and Canada's deadliest natural disaster (and by far the deadliest hurricane to ever hit territory of present day Canada), as well as the eighth-deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history.


1775 Newfoundland hurricane Wikipedia

Similar Topics
1899 San Ciriaco hurricane
1909 Monterrey hurricane
Great Hurricane of 1780