Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).
During this year's harvest, 15-year-old Scottish farm labourer Robert Burns is assisted by his contemporary Nelly Kilpatrick who inspires his first attempt at poetry, "O, Once I Lov'd A Bonnie Lass".
Jacques Delille elected to membership in the Académie Française in large part due to his verse translation of the Georgics in 1769
Hugh Henry Brackenridge, "A Poem on Divine Revelation"
Samuel Occom, editor, A Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs
John Trumbull, "An Elegy on the Times"
James Beattie, The Minstrel; or, The Progress of Genius, Book 2 (Book 1 1771, both books published together with other verse in 1775)
William Dunkin, The Poetical Works of the Late William Dunkin, posthumously published; Volume 1 includes Latin and Ancient Greek poetry with English translations
Oliver Goldsmith, Retaliation; a poem, published April 19
Richard Graves, The Progress of Gallantry, published anonymously
Thomas Gray, The Poems of Mr Gray (posthumous)
William Mason, An Heroic Postscript to the Public, published anonymously
Hannah More, The Inflexible Captive: A tragedy
Samuel Jackson Pratt (as "Courtney Melmoth"), The Tears of A Genius, occasioned by the Death of Dr Goldsmith
Henry James Pye, Farringdon Hill
Mary Scott, The Female Advocate, a response to The Feminead 1754 by John Duncombe
Thomas Warton the Younger, History of English Poetry, in three volumes, published from 1774-1781
William Whitehead, Plays and Poems by William Whitehead, Esq. Poet Laureat (see also Poems 1788)
Charles Batteux, Principes de la littérature, including Cours de belles lettres of 1765; criticism; France
1774 in poetry Wikipedia
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:June 3 – Robert Tannahill (died 1810), Scottish "Weaver Poet"
August 12 – Robert Southey (died 1843), English poet
November 4 – Robert Allan (died 1841), Scottish "Weaver Poet"
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:Early – Lady Dorothea Du Bois (born 1728), Irish poet and writer
c. January 29–February 5 – James Love, pseudonym of James Dance (born 1721), English poet, playwright and actor
May 11 – Charles Jenner (born 1736), English poet and writer
August 14 – Johann Jakob Reiske (born 1716), German scholar and physician
October 16 – Oliver Goldsmith (born 1728), English writer and poet
October 17 – Robert Fergusson (born 1750), Scottish poet
November 25 – Henry Baker (born 1698), English naturalist, poet, sign-language developer
December 20 – Paul Whitehead (born 1710), English satiric poet
Khwaja Muhammad Zaman (born 1713), Indian, Sindhi-language poet