Neha Patil (Editor)

1762 in Great Britain

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1762 in Great Britain

Events from the year 1762 in Great Britain.

Contents

Incumbents

  • Monarch - George III
  • Prime Minister - Duke of Newcastle (Whig) (until 26 May), Earl of Bute (Tory) (starting 26 May)
  • Events

  • January - The "Cock Lane ghost" appears in London.
  • 4 January - Britain declares war on Spain and Naples.
  • February - 12 sperm whales strand on the east coast of England.
  • 10 March - Seven Years' War - Britain captures Grenada from France.
  • May - Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne resigns and is succeeded as Prime Minister by John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute, the first Scottish Prime Minister of Great Britain; a large number of Newcastle's 'Old Corps Whig' followers are dismissed from public office in the following months in what is known facetiously as the "Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents".
  • 22 May - Royal family first takes up residence at Buckingham House.
  • 5 June - John Wilkes founds the radical newspaper The North Briton.
  • 24 June - Seven Years' War: At the Battle of Wilhelmsthal, the Anglo-Hanoverian army of Ferdinand of Brunswick defeats the French forces in Westphalia. The British commander Lord Granby distinguishes himself.
  • mid-July–24 November - Seven Years' War: British troops reinforce the Portuguese to resist the Invasion of Portugal by Spain.
  • 13 August - Seven Years' War: The Battle of Havana concludes after more than two months with the surrender of Havana to Britain by Spain.
  • September - Society for Equitable Assurances on Lives and Survivorships is founded in London. The world's oldest mutual insurer, it pioneers age-based premiums based on the mortality rate.
  • 15 September - French and Indian War: Battle of Signal Hill is fought between France and Britain in North America.
  • 24 September–6 October - Seven Years' War: Battle of Manila fought between Great Britain and Spain resulting in the British occupation of the Philippines until 1764. The British take Manila and make it an Open Port.
  • November - First recorded mention of the sandwich.
  • Undated

  • Admiral John Ross of Balnagowan Castle initiates land tenure reform in the Scottish Highlands which will evolve into the Highland Clearances.
  • Building of the Plymouth Synagogue, the oldest built by Ashkenazi Jews in the English-speaking world.
  • The last remaining buildings are cleared from London Bridge.
  • Publications

  • William Williams Pantycelyn's Mor o Wydr (including "Gweddi am Nerth i fyned trwy anialwch y Byd", the Welsh original of the hymn "Cwm Rhondda").
  • Laurence Sterne's collected sermons The Sermons of Mr. Yorick.
  • James Stuart and Nicholas Revett's architectural treatise Antiquities of Athens.
  • Births

  • 31 January - Lachlan Macquarie, Scottish-born British Army officer and Governor of New South Wales (died 1824)
  • 12 February - Solomon Hirschell, chief rabbi of the United Kingdom (died 1842)
  • 17 March (bapt.) - William Dawes, Royal Marines officer and colonial administrator (died 1836)
  • 12 August - King George IV of the United Kingdom (died 1830)
  • 11 September - Joanna Baillie, Scottish-born poet and dramatist (died 1851)
  • 24 September - William Lisle Bowles, poet and critic (died 1850)
  • 21 October - George Colman the Younger, dramatist and miscellaneous writer (died 1836)
  • 1 November - Spencer Perceval, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (assassinated 1812)
  • Deaths

  • 3 February - Beau Nash, dandy (born 1674)
  • 23 June - Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis (died 1700)
  • 13 July - James Bradley, English Astronomer Royal (born 1693)
  • 28 July - George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (born 1691)
  • 21 August - Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, English writer (born 1689)
  • References

    1762 in Great Britain Wikipedia


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