Monarch — George II
Secretary of State for Scotland: The Marquess of Tweeddale, until 3 January; then vacant until 1885
Lord Advocate — Robert Craigie; then William Grant of Prestongrange
Solicitor General for Scotland — Robert Dundas, the younger; then Patrick Haldane of Gleneagles, jointly with Alexander Hume
Lord President of the Court of Session — Lord Culloden
Lord Justice General — Lord Ilay
Lord Justice Clerk — Lord Milton
8 January - Jacobite rising of 1745: Charles Edward Stuart ("Bonnie Prince Charlie") with his Jacobite forces occupies Stirling.
17 January - Battle of Falkirk Muir: British Government troops are defeated by Jacobite forces.
16 April - The Battle of Culloden, the final pitched battle fought on British soil, brings an end to the Jacobite rising of 1745.
27 June - Charles Edward Stuart flees to the Isle of Skye from Benbecula disguised as Flora MacDonald's maid.
1 August - Dress Act 1746 proscribes wearing of the tartan.
18 August - Two rebel Scottish lords, the Earl of Kilmarnock and Lord Balmerinoch, are beheaded in the Tower of London.
20 September - Charles Edward Stuart escapes to France.
October - Foundation stone of new Inveraray Castle laid.
British Linen Bank chartered as the British Linen Company.
27 March - Michael Bruce, poet and hymnist (died 1767)
Approximate date - John Bogle, miniature painter (died 1803)
4 February - Robert Blair, "graveyard poet" (born 1699)
14 June - Colin Maclaurin, mathematician (born 1698)
8 August - Francis Hutcheson, theologian and philosopher (born 1694; died in Dublin)
6 December - Lady Grizel Baillie, songwriter (born 1665; died in London)
Matthew Stewart publishes Some General Theorems of Considerable use in the Higher Parts of Mathematics, including an account of Stewart's theorem on the measurement of the triangle.
1746 in Scotland Wikipedia
Events from the year 1746 in Scotland.