|Covid-19|Monarch - George II
Prime Minister - Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington (Whig) (until 2 July), Henry Pelham (Whig) (starting 2 July)
21 February - The premiere in London of George Frideric Handel's oratorio, Samson.
16 June (27 June New Style) - War of the Austrian Succession: The Battle of Dettingen is fought in Bavaria. King George II leads the troops of Britain and Brunswick to victory over the French — the last time a reigning British monarch participates in a battle. George Frideric Handel writes the oratorio Dettingen Te Deum in celebration of the King's victory.
27 August - Henry Pelham becomes Prime Minister, following the death of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington on 2 July.
13 September - Treaty of Worms signed between Great Britain, the Holy Roman Emperor and the Kingdom of Sardinia.
25 October - France and Spain form the Alliance of Fontainebleau with the aim of recapturing Gibraltar from Britain.
Dr Christopher Packe produces the first geological map of south-east England.
Last wolf said to be killed in Scotland.
William Hogarth begins painting his Marriage à-la-mode series.
Robert Blair's poem The Grave is published.
The final edition of Alexander Pope's The Dunciad is published.
13 February - Joseph Banks, naturalist and botanist (died 1820)
24 April - Edmund Cartwright, clergyman and inventor of the power loom (died 1823)
July - William Paley, philosopher (died 1805)
4 April - Daniel Neal, English historian (born 1678)
23 May - Thomas Archer, baroque architect (born 1668)
2 July - Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington, second Prime Minister of Great Britain (born 1674)
1 August - Richard Savage, writer (born c. 1697)
5 August - John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey, English statesman and writer (born 1696)
4 October - John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, Scottish soldier (born 1678)
1743 in Great Britain Wikipedia
Events from the year 1743 in Great Britain.