|Covid-19|Monarch – Charles XII
June 27 (June 28 in the Swedish calendar; July 8 New Style) – Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava: In the Ukraine, Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, defeats Charles XII of Sweden, thus effectively ending Sweden's role as a major power in Europe.
- The deposed Polish monarch Stanisław I of Poland is given refuge in Kristianstad in Sweden with his family, including queen Catherine Opalińska and Marie Leszczyńska.
14 March - Sten Carl Bielke, official, scientist (died 1753)
11 July - Johan Gottschalk Wallerius, chemist and mineralogist (died 1785)
- Carl Johan Cronstedt, architect, inventor, Earl, noble, civil servant, scientist and bibliophile (died 1779)
- Henrika Juliana von Liewen, politically active baroness (died 1779)
17 February - Erik Benzelius the Elder, theologian and Archbishop of Uppsala (born 1632)
9 April - Israel Kolmodin, hymnwriter and Lutheran priest (born 1643)
24 May - Nils Gyldenstolpe (1642–1709), count, official and diplomat (born 1642)
28 June - Gustaf Adlerfelt, historical writer (born 1671)
September 7 - Gunno Dahlstierna, poet (born 1661)
1709 in Sweden Wikipedia
Events from the year 1709 in Sweden