Harman Patil (Editor)

169th Engineer Battalion

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Covid-19
Country  United States
Type  Engineer
Branch  Army
Motto(s)  Mind and Hand
169th Engineer Battalion
Active  1943-46 1947–72 1986 – present
Engagements  World War II: Rome-Arno North Apennines Po Valley Vietnam

The battalion is currently part of the U.S. Army Engineer School, headquartered at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri and is a subordinate unit to the 1st Engineer Brigade. The battalion mainly conducts advanced individual training for engineering vertical skills and specialty engineering skills.

Contents

Overview

Mission: The 169th Engineer Battalion continuously transforms basic combat training (BCT) graduates, prior service, and military occupation specialty-trained (MOS-T) reclassification Soldiers at Fort Leonard Wood, MO; Naval Construction Battalion Center Gulfport, MS; Sheppard Air Force Base, TX; Goodfellow Air Force Base, TX; and Panama City, FL into technically and tactically competent, values based, teamwork-oriented career management field (CMF) 12 (12D, 12K, 12M, 12R, 12T, 12Q, 12Y and 12W). Ensures Soldiers are prepared to contribute on day one in their first unit of assignment.

Vision: 169th Engineer Battalion is a cohesive, professional, ethical learning and adapting organization which conducts safe, high quality on a daily basis. Its members are goal-oriented, mutually supporting, forward-thinking problem solvers who work hard to maintain a high standard of excellence. Its graduates are properly led and trained from arrival through graduation and are fully prepared for duty upon departure. Permanent party and students are "better" when they leave than when they arrive.

Subordinate units

  • A Company 169th Engineer Battalion (12D Diver) Panama City, FL
  • B Company 169th Engineer Battalion (12D Diver Phase I, 12R Interior Electrician, 12T Technical Engineer, 12Y Geospatial Engineer) Fort Leonard Wood, MO
  • C Company 169th Engineer Battalion (12W Carpenter/Mason) Gulfport, MS
  • D Company 169th Engineer Battalion (12K Plumber, 12Q/12PU4 Powerline Distribution Specialist) Sheppard AFB, TX
  • FF Detachment (12M Firefighter) Goodfellow AFB, TX
  • Sapper Leader Course (ASI S4 Sapper Leader) Fort Leonard Wood, MO
  • History and lineage

    Shortly after the battalion was formed in 1943 at Camp Beale, California, it first saw combat during the Allied Invasion of Italy in September 1944. The battalion fought its way up the Italian Peninsula. After the capture of Rome, the 169th played a significant role in the seven-month campaign to push the Nazi Army through the Apennines and out of the Po Valley of Northern Italy. Throughout their campaign in Italy, the soldiers of the 169th cleared minefields and tank obstacles, destroyed enemy bunkers, cleared roadways, built many bridges to replace those destroyed by the retreating enemy, removed barbwire obstacles, built enemy prisoner of war compounds, and fought as Infantry when the need arose. The battalion received the Rome, North Apennines, and the Po Valley campaign streamers as a result of their courageous service in Italy during World War II.

    Beginning in 1954, the battalion spent twelve years at Fort Stewart, Georgia before their next major period of active service in Vietnam. At Fort Stewart, the battalion’s mission was to construct, rehabilitate and maintain military routes of communications and facilities, and perform related engineering work in the communications zone and rear areas of the combat zone. Starting in 1966, the 169th served seven years in a war that had no front lines and where the farmer working in the field by day became an enemy attacking by night. This battalion built hundreds of miles of roads and constructed quarters for thousands of American soldiers throughout the Delta region of South Vietnam. They also built bridges, installed culverts, repaired heavy construction equipment, cleared land, and accomplished all the missions associated with heavy engineer construction equipment operators, mechanics, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, structures specialists, and combat engineers. The battalion was reactivated in 1986 and served as Advanced Individual Training unit responsible for the training of various vertical construction specialties. Later that year, the battalion became the 169th Engineer Battalion (Support). In this role, the 169th supported all types of engineer training on Fort Leonard Wood by commanding the staff and faculty company, garrison company, and engineer companies whose mission involved pipelines, quarries, fire fighting, and bridging. In the spring of 1995, the 169th became a One Station Unit Training battalion responsible for training combat engineers, bridge builders, heavy construction equipment operators and mechanics, and engineer technicians for service in today’s Army. The 169th has a credit for 14 campaigns in Southeast Asia and three in World War II. It has also received three meritorious unit commendations and one Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal.

    Distinctive unit insignia

    Description: A silver color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per fess enhanced dovetailed of three Argent and Gules, in base a fleur-de-lis flowered of the first. Attached below the shield is a silver scroll inscribed "MIND AND HAND" in black letters.

    Symbolism: Scarlet and white are the colors of the Corps of Engineers. The fleur-de-lis flowered was suggested by the coat of arms of Florence, Italy, where the battalion was activated after being reconstituted in 1944. The dovetail is used to allude to an engineering construction principle. The three points represent the organization's three battle honors awarded for service in Italy during World War II.

    Background: The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 26 Jan 1956.

    Coat of arms

    Shield: Scarlet and white are the colors of the Corps of Engineers. The fleur-de-lis flowered was suggested by the coat of arms of Florence, Italy, where the battalion was activated after being reconstituted in 1944. The dovetail is used to allude to an engineering construction principle. The three points represent the organization's three battle honors awarded for service in Italy during World War II.

    Crest: The many campaigns in which the 169th participated, during the Vietnam conflict are recalled by the golden dragon, holding an engineer's divider to symbolize the outstanding construction work the unit accomplished in support of military operations during 1967 and 1968. The mountains represent the rugged country in which exacting land development projects were completed and also symbolize the regions in Italy where the unit saw action during World War II, specifically the Po Valley, North Apennines and Rome-Arno. Scarlet denotes courage and recalls three Meritorious Unit Commendations and the Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal awarded the 169th in the period 1966 to 1970.

    Honors

    169th Engineer Battalion's Lineage and Honors Certificate

    Campaign Participation Credit
    World War II
    Rome-Arno
    North Apennines
    Po Valley

    Vietnam
    Counteroffensive
    Counteroffensive, Phase II
    Counteroffensive, Phase III
    Tet Counteroffensive
    Counteroffensive, Phase IV
    Counteroffensive, Phase V
    Counteroffensive, Phase VI
    Tet 69/Counteroffensive
    Summer-Fall 1969
    Winter-Spring 1970
    Sanctuary Counteroffensive
    Counteroffensive, Phase VII
    Consolidation I
    Consolidation II
    Cease-Fire

    Decorations
    Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1967
    Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967
    Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered 1967-1968
    Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1970

    References

    169th Engineer Battalion Wikipedia


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