Rahul Sharma (Editor)

1661 in England

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See also:  Other events of 1661
1661 in England
Centuries:  15th 16th 17th 18th 19th
Decades:  1640s 1650s 1660s 1670s 1680s

Events from the year 1661 which occurred in the Kingdom of England.



  • Monarch - Charles II
  • Events

  • 6 January - The Fifth Monarchists unsuccessfully attempt to seize control of London. George Monck's regiment defeats them.
  • 30 January - The bodies of Oliver Cromwell, Henry Ireton, John Bradshaw and Thomas Pride are exhumed and subjected to a posthumous execution. Oliver Cromwell's head (with the others') is placed on a spike above the Palace of Westminster.
  • 14 February - George Monck's regiment becomes The Lord General's Regiment of Foot Guards (which later becomes the Coldstream Guards).
  • 15 April - The Savoy Conference of bishops and Presbyterians fails to agree on a new revision of the Prayer Book.
  • 19 April - The Post Office introduces post marks.
  • 23 April - Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland is crowned King in Westminster Abbey.
  • 8 May - First meeting of the Cavalier Parliament.
  • 5 June - Isaac Newton admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge.
  • 23 June - Charles II signs a marriage treaty with Portugal. He will marry Catherine of Braganza; as part of the dowry, Portugal cedes Bombay and Tangier to England and grants free trade with Brazil and the East Indies.
  • 28 June - Lisle's Tennis Court in Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London is opened as a playhouse.
  • 1 October - A yacht race from Greenwich to Gravesend between King Charles and James, Duke of York makes the sport fashionable.
  • October
  • Collection of a "free and voluntary present" of cash for the King from householders commences.
  • King Charles II appoints Peter Lely as his court painter.
  • December - Convocations at Canterbury and York complete the new Anglican Prayer Book (forcibly imposed in 1662).
  • 20 December - Parliament passes the Corporation Act 1661 restricting public office to members of the Church of England.
  • Publications

  • Robert Boyle publishes The Sceptical Chymist in London, in which he developed the idea of elements and 'corpuscles' (atoms).
  • John Evelyn's pamphlet Fumifugium is one of the earliest descriptions of air pollution.
  • Births

  • 16 April - Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax, poet and statesman (died 1715)
  • 28 November - Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, Governor of New York and New Jersey (died 1723)
  • 5 December - Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, statesman (died 1724)
  • Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, supporter of William III of Orange (died 1722)
  • date unknown
  • Samuel Garth, physician and poet (died 1719)
  • Nicholas Hawksmoor, architect (died 1736)
  • Deaths

  • 19 January - Thomas Venner, Fifth Monarchist (executed) (year of birth unknown)
  • 1 March - Richard Zouch, jurist (born 1590)
  • 7 April - William Brereton, soldier and politician (born 1604)
  • 16 August - Thomas Fuller, churchman and historian (born 1608)
  • 19 November - Brian Walton, clergyman and scholar (born 1600)
  • References

    1661 in England Wikipedia

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