The 165 series (165系, Hyaku-rokujūgo-kei) was an express electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1963 by Japanese National Railways (JNR).
165 series Wikipedia
During the early 1960s, the Chūō Main Line and Shinetsu Line were electrified, requiring new EMUs for the express services. New powerful trains were required, as the earlier 153 series trains were designed for operation in flat, warm areas.Motor output increased from 100 kW to 120 kW
Proofing against heavy snow and cold weather
KuMoHa 165: Motorized cab car. 76 seats. 145 cars were built from 1963 to 1970. Coupled to MoHa 164.
KuHa 165: Cab car. 76 seats. 210 cars were built from 1963 to 1970.
MoHa 164: Motorized car with pantograph, air compressor and motor-generator. 84 seats. 166 cars were built from 1963 to 1970.
Moha 165: Motorized car. 84 seats. 21 cars were built from 1963 to 1969. Coupled to MoHa 164.
SaHa 164: Intermediate trailer car. 56 seats. Only two cars were built in 1966. With kiosk.
SaHa 165: Intermediate trailer car. 84 seats. 11 cars were built in 1969.
SaRo 165: Intermediate trailer car. Green car.
SaHaShi 165: Intermediate trailer car. Buffet and seating. 36 seats. 12 cars were built in 1963. Soba corner instead of 153 series Sushi corner.
A number of 165 series trains were converted for use as Joyful Train sets including the following.Nanohana: First EMU-based Joyful Train, introduced in March 1986 and withdrawn August 1998.
Panorama Express Alps: 3+3-car set converted in 1986 for use on the Chūō Main Line and the Ōito Line. This train was withdrawn in 2001, and sold to Fuji Kyuko in 2002, becoming the Fujikyu 2000 series Fujisan Express.
Yū Yū Tōkai
Nine withdrawn 165 series cars were sold to the Chichibu Railway in 1992 and converted to become Chichibu Railway 3000 series 3-car sets for use on express services.KuHa 165-120, stored for a long period at Mino-Ōta Depot in Minokamo, Gifu, before being moved by road to Hamamatsu Depot in February 2013
KuMoHa 165-108, (built 1966 by Tokyu Car) at SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya
MoHa 164-72, stored at Mino-Ōta Depot in Minokamo, Gifu
SaRo 165-106, (built 1967 by Imperial Car) at SCMaglev and Railway Park, Nagoya