|Covid-19|January 1 – The Queen's Revels Children perform George Chapman's All Fools at the court of King James I of England.
January 6 – First performance of The Masque of Blackness at the Banqueting Hall, Whitehall Palace. The cast includes Penelope Rich and Lady Mary Wroth.
January 7 – The King's Men perform Shakespeare's Henry V at court.
January 8 – Ben Jonson's Every Man Out of His Humour is performed at court by the King's Men.
January (between the 9th and 14th) – King's Men perform Love's Labor's Lost before Queen Anne.
January 16 – The first part of Miguel de Cervantes' satire on the theme of chivalry, Don Quixote (El ingenioso hidalgo don Quixote de la Mancha, "The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha"), written in Castilian dialects of Old Spanish and printed by Juan de la Cuesta in 1604, is published by publisher-bookseller Francisco de Robles in Madrid; most copies of the first edition are shipped to Spanish America. One of the first significant novels in the western literary tradition, it becomes a global bestseller almost at once and new editions, both authorized and pirated, are produced across the Iberian Peninsula by the end of the year.
February 2 – The King's Men give a repeat performance of Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour at court.
February 10 and February 12 – Performances of The Merchant of Venice are given at court.
May 30 – John Spottiswoode becomes a member of the Scottish privy council.
August 27–August 30 – King James I, Queen Anne, and their son Prince Henry visit the University of Oxford. Gentlemen from St John's and Christ Church colleges entertain the royals with a series of plays. The big hit of the visit is Samuel Daniel's The Queen's Arcadia. Matthew Gwinne's Latin play Vertumnus puts James to sleep.
October – First publication of Relation aller Fürnemmen und gedenckwürdigen Historien by Johann Carolus in Strasbourg (Holy Roman Empire), generally regarded as the world's first newspaper. De Nieuwe Tijdinghen, a Dutch proto-newspaper, is perhaps also published this year.
Richard Rowlands publishes A Restitution of Decayed Intelligence in Antiquities concerning the most noble and renowned English Nation in Antwerp including the first English language account of the legend of the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
Johannes Huser of Waldkirch publishes a collected edition of Paracelsus's works.
Luis de Góngora is ordained as a priest.
The Rose theatre in London is abandoned after its lease runs out.
Anonymous – Ratsey's Ghost
Johann Arndt – Vier Bücher vom wahren Christenthum ("Four Books of True Christianity", 1605–1610)
Francis Bacon – The Advancement of Learning
William Camden – Remaines of a Greater Worke, Concerning Britaine
Miguel de Cervantes – Don Quixote
Melchior Goldast – Suevicarum rerum scriptores
Garcilaso de la Vega – Historia de la Florida
The Fair Maid of Bristow (published)
The First Part of Hieronimo (published)
The History of Richard Whittington, of his lowe byrth, his great fortune (licensed; later lost)
The True Chronicle History of King Leir (published)
The London Prodigal (published with attribution to William Shakespeare)
Robert Armin and others – Fool upon Fool (published)
George Chapman, Ben Jonson and John Marston – Eastward Hoe (performed & published)
George Chapman – All Fools (published)
Henry Chettle and Thomas Heywood (?) – The Trial of Chivalry (published)
Samuel Daniel – The Queen's Arcadia
Thomas Dekker and John Webster – Northward Ho
Thomas Heywood – If You Know Not Me, You Know Nobody
The Masque of Blackness
John Marston – The Dutch Courtesan published
Thomas Middleton – A Yorkshire Tragedy (attributed; approximate year; published 1608 with attribution to "W. Shakspeare")
Samuel Rowley – When You See Me, You Know Me (published)
Samuel Daniel – Certain Small Poems
John Davies of Hereford – Humours Heav'n on Earth
Pedro de Espinosa – Flores de poetas ilustres (anthology)
June – Thomas Randolph, English poet and dramatist (died 1635)
July 29 – Simon Dach, German poet and hymnist (died 1659)
September 12 – William Dugdale, English antiquary and herald (died 1686)
October 19 – Sir Thomas Browne, English writer and polymath (died 1682)
November – François Combefis, French Dominican patrologist (died 1679)
November 4 – Thomas Nabbes, English dramatist (died c. 1645)
Walter Blith, English writer on husbandry (died 1654)
John Gauden, English writer and bishop (died 1662)
William Habington, English poet (died 1654)
Sor Marcela de San Félix, Spanish poet, dramatist and nun (died 1687)
Probable year of birth – Hugh Paulinus de Cressy, English church scholar (died 1674)
March 26 – Jakob Ayrer, German dramatist (born c. 1543)
April 6 – John Stow, English historian (born c. 1525)
May – Edward Lively, English linguist and Bible scholar (born 1545)
September 9 – Heinrich Khunrath, German alchemist and philosopher (born c. 1560)
September 23 – Pontus de Tyard, French poet (born c. 1521)
October 13 – Theodore Beza, French Protestant theologian (born 1519)
William Haughton, English dramatist
Lodewijk Toeput, Flemish painter and poet (born c. 1550)
1605 in literature Wikipedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1605.