Suvarna Garge (Editor)

15th Army Group

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Covid-19
Active  1943–45
Type  Army group
Allegiance  Allies of World War II
Size  200,000
15th Army Group
Country  United Kingdom & United States, numerous Allies attached
Role  Army Group Headquarters

The 15th Army Group was an army group of British and American field armies that included corps, divisions and brigades from numerous Allied forces (Canada, Indian, Poland, South Africa, Greece, Brazil and New Zealand) in World War II.

Contents

History

The 15th Army Group was activated in 1943 in Algiers, North Africa, to plan the invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky. Its main forces for this job were the U.S. Seventh Army, under Lieutenant General George Patton, and the British Eighth Army, under General Bernard Montgomery. Following the capture of Sicily the army group became responsible for the invasion of mainland Italy for which the U.S. Seventh Army was replaced by the U.S. Fifth Army, under Lieutenant General Mark Clark. In January 1944 the army group was re-designated successively Allied forces in Italy and then Allied Central Mediterranean Force.

In March 1944 the army group was renamed Allied Armies in Italy. Throughout this period the army group was under command of the British General Sir Harold Alexander. By late 1944 the army group had pushed northward through Italy, capturing Rome, and driving the retreating Axis forces into Northern Italy. In December, American Lieutenant General Mark Clark became the new commander and the army group was renamed 15th Army Group once again. The Axis forces in Italy were finally defeated in the army group's Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, their surrender taking place in May.

On 5 July 15 Army Group was reorganized and redesignated the U.S. Occupational Forces Austria. The Headquarters Company II Corps, 11th Armored Division, 42nd Infantry Division and 65th Infantry Division, previously assigned to U.S. Third Army and 12th Army Group, were assigned on 6 July to the newly formed U.S. Occupational Forces Austria, the commanding general of which was General Mark Clark.

Order of Battle

Order of Battle for 15th Army Group, August 1944

  • 15th Army Group - (General Sir Harold Alexander)
  • British Eighth Army - (Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese)
  • British V Corps (Lieutenant-General Charles Keightley)
  • British 1st Armoured Division - (Major-General Richard Hull)
  • British 4th Infantry Division - (Major-General Alfred Dudley Ward)
  • 4th Indian Infantry Division - (Major-General Arthur Holworthy)
  • British 46th Infantry Division - (Major-General John Hawkesworth)
  • British 56th Infantry Division - (Major-General John Yeldham Whitfield)
  • British 25th Tank Brigade
  • I Canadian Corps - (Lieutenant-General E. L. M. Burns)
  • 1st Canadian Infantry Division - (Major-General Christopher Vokes)
  • 2nd New Zealand Division - (Lieutenant-General Bernard Freyberg, 1st Baron Freyberg)
  • 5th Canadian Armoured Division - (Major-General Bert Hoffmeister)
  • 3rd Greek Mountain Brigade
  • British 21st Tank Brigade
  • II Polish Corps - (Lieutenant General Władysław Anders)
  • 3rd Carpathian Infantry Division - (Major-General Bronisław Duch)
  • 5th Kresowa Infantry Division - (Major-General Nikodem Sulik)
  • 2nd Armoured Brigade
  • British X Corps - (Lieutenant-General Sir Richard McCreery)
  • 10th Indian Infantry Division - (Major-General Denys Reid)
  • British 9th Armoured Brigade
  • U.S. Fifth Army - (Lieutenant General Mark W. Clark)
  • U.S. II Corps - (Major General Geoffrey Keyes)
  • 34th Infantry Division - (Major General Charles L. Bolte)
  • 88th Infantry Division - (Major General John E. Sloan)
  • 91st Infantry Division - (Major General William G. Livesay)
  • U.S. IV Corps - (Major General Willis D. Crittenberger)
  • 6th South African Armoured Division - (Major General Evered Poole)
  • 85th Infantry Division - (Major General John B. Coulter)
  • 92nd Infantry Division - (Major General Edward Almond)
  • 442nd Regimental Combat Team - (Colonel Virgil R. Miller)
  • 1st Brazilian Division - (Major General Mascarenhas de Morais)
  • 10th Mountain Division - (Major General George Price Hays)
  • British XIII Corps - (Lieutenant-General Sidney Kirkman)
  • British 1st Infantry Division - (Major-General Charles Loewen)
  • British 6th Armoured Division - (Major-General Horatius Murray)
  • 8th Indian Infantry Division - (Major-General Dudley Russell)
  • Army Group Reserve
  • U.S. 1st Armored Division - (Major General Vernon Prichard)
  • References

    15th Army Group Wikipedia


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