Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

1558

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1558

Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

January–June

  • January 7 – French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of the Kingdom of England.
  • January 9 – Geneva becomes independent from the Canton of Bern.
  • January 22 – Beginning of the Livonian War.
  • February 2 – The University of Jena is founded in Thuringia, Germany.
  • February 5 – During the Arauco War, Pedro de Avendaño with sixty men capture Caupolicán, the Mapuche Gran Toqui leading their first revolt against the Spanish Empire, nearby Antihuala encamped with a small band of followers.
  • April 24 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Francis, Dauphin of France, at Notre Dame de Paris.
  • July–December

  • July 13 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Lamoral, Count of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes at Gravelines.
  • July 18 – The city of Tartu, capital of the Bishopric of Dorpat (in modern-day Estonia) surrenders to Russia.
  • October 17 – Postal history of Poland: King Sigismund II Augustus appoints an Italian merchant living in Kraków to organise a consolidated postal service in Poland, the origin of Poczta Polska.
  • November 17 – The Elizabethan era begins in England: the Catholic Queen Mary dies and is succeeded by her younger Protestant half-sister Elizabeth who will rule for 44 years.
  • Date unknown

  • John Knox's attack on female rulers, The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstruous Regiment of Women, is published anonymously from Geneva.
  • Queen Elizabeth grants rest and refreshment to pilgrims and travellers who pass by the Holy Well Spring, Malvern in England.
  • English explorer Anthony Jenkinson travels from Moscow to Astrakhan and Bukhara. He is the first Englishman to note that the Amu Darya changed course to start flowing into the Aral Sea.
  • Births

  • January or February – Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (d. 1617)
  • January 16 – Jakobea of Baden, Margravine of Baden by birth, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg by marriage (d. 1597)
  • January 29 – Paul Hentzner, German lawyer (d. 1623)
  • March 7 – Johann VII, Duke of Mecklenburg, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1576–1592) (d. 1592)
  • April 30 – Mikołaj Oleśnicki the younger, Polish noble (d. 1629)
  • May 22 – Françoise de Cezelli, French war hero (d. 1615)
  • June 15 – Margrave Andrew of Burgau, German nobleman, Cardinal, Bishop of Constance and Brixen (d. 1600)
  • July 9 – David Origanus, German astronomer (d. 1628)
  • July 11 – Robert Greene, English dramatist (d. 1592)
  • August 2 – Herman van den Bergh, Dutch soldier in the Eighty Years' War (d. 1611)
  • August 8 – George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, English noble (d. 1605)
  • August 19 – François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti (d. 1614)
  • September 9 – Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • September 24 – Ralph Eure, 3rd Baron Eure, English politician (d. 1617)
  • October 12 – Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (d. 1618)
  • October 24 – Szymon Szymonowic, Polish writer (d. 1629)
  • October 30 – Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force, Marshal of France (d. 1652)
  • November 3 – Thomas Kyd, author of The Spanish Tragedy (d. 1594)
  • October 24 – Szymon Szymonowic, Polish writer (d. 1629)
  • October 30 – Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force, Marshal of France (d. 1652)
  • November 27 – Mingyi Swa, Crown Prince of Burma (d. 1593)
  • December 3 – Gregorio Pagani, Italian painter (d. 1605)
  • December 8 – François de La Rochefoucauld, Catholic cardinal (d. 1645)
  • December 9 – André du Laurens, Physician (d. 1609)
  • date unknown
  • Meir Lublin, Polish rabbi (d. 1616)
  • Kōriki Masanaga, Japanese military commander (d. 1599)
  • Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1580)
  • Olivier van Noort, first Dutchman to circumnavigate the world (d. 1627)
  • Chidiock Tichborne, English conspirator and poet (d. 1586)
  • Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (1593–1601)
  • probable - Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, French merchant (d. 1628)
  • Deaths

  • February 25 – Eleanor of Austria, Queen of Portugal and France (b. 1498)
  • March 24 – Anna van Egmont, Countess of Egmond and Buren (b. c. 1533)
  • March 25 – Marcos de Niza, French Franciscan explorer (b. c. 1495)
  • April 15 – Roxelana, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent (b. c. 1500)
  • April 20 – Johannes Bugenhagen, German reformer (b. 1485)
  • April 26 – Jean Fernel, French physician (b. 1497)
  • May 17 – Francisco de Sá de Miranda, Portuguese poet (b. 1485)
  • May 31 – Philip Hoby, English politician (b. 1505)
  • September 21 – Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1500)
  • October – Mellin de Saint-Gelais, French poet (b. c. 1491)
  • October 18 – Maria of Austria, queen of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia (b. 1505)
  • October 21 – J. C. Scaliger, Italian scholar (b. 1484)
  • November 17
  • Hugh Aston, English composer (b. 1485)
  • Queen Mary I of England (b. 1516)
  • Reginald Pole, Cardinal Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1500)
  • December 15 – Thomas Cheney, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports (b. c. 1485)
  • December 28 – Hermann Finck, German composer (b. 1527)
  • date unknown
  • Archibald Campbell, 4th Earl of Argyll, Scottish nobleman and politician (b. 1507)
  • Robert Recorde, Welsh physician and mathematician (b. c. 1512)
  • References

    1558 Wikipedia


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