|Covid-19|The first known book from the first printing press in North America, set up in Mexico City, is published, Manual de Adultos.
Sir David Lyndsay's Middle Scots satirical morality play A Satire of the Three Estates first performed, privately.
Klemens Janicki is appointed poeta laureatus by Pope Paul III.
Lazare de Baif travels with Pierre de Ronsard to Alsace where they meet many northern humanists.
Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo – Amadis de Gaula Book 1 (translated into French by Nicolas de Herberay des Essarts at request of Francis I of France)
Hector Boece – Historia Scotorum (translated into Middle Scots by John Bellenden at request of James V of Scotland)
Rösslin – The Byrth of Mankynde (De partu hominis, translation attributed to Richard Jonas)
Georg Joachim Rheticus – De libris revolutionum Copernici narratio prima (abstract of Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium)
Tontada Siddhesavara – Shatsthala Jnanamrita
Souterliedekens (Dutch metrical psalter dedicated to and perhaps compiled by Willem van Zuylen van Nijevelt)
Sir Thomas More – Lady Fortune
Girolamo Schola – Capituli di M. Girolamo Schola sopra varii suggetti
January 26 – Florent Chrestien, French satirist and Latin poet (died 1596)
June 11 – Barnabe Googe, English pastoral poet and translator (died 1594)
Pierre de Bourdeille, seigneur de Brantôme, French soldier, historian and poet (died 1614)
Rhys Cain, Welsh-language poet (died 1614)
Frei Agostinho da Cruz (brother of Diogo Bernardes), Portuguese poet (died 1619)
Mathias Holtzwart, German poet (died after 1589)
October 5 – Helius Eobanus Hessus, German Latin poet (born 1488)
Ford Madox Ford's novel sequence The Fifth Queen (1906–08) is set around this date.
1540 in literature Wikipedia
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1540.