3 February - Battle of Diu is fought.
26 July - Krishnadevaraya starts his reign as Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire
Francisco de Almeida ceases his governorship of Portuguese India (commenced 1505)
Afonso de Albuquerque becomes governor of Portuguese India (and continues until 1515)
The Portuguese acquire Bombay.
Kanaka Dasaru poet, philosopher, musician and composer is born in modern Karnataka (dies 1609)
Viranarasimha Raya king of Vijayanagar empire
1509 in India Wikipedia
Events from the year 1509 in India.