Rahul Sharma (Editor)

14th United States Congress

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Senate President  Vacant
House Speaker:  Henry Clay (DR)
House Majority:  Democratic-Republican
Senate Pres. pro tem:  John Gaillard (DR)
Senate Majority:  Democratic-Republican
14th United States Congress
Members:  38 Senators 183 Representatives 4 Non-voting members

The Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1815, to March 4, 1817, during the seventh and eighth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.


Major events

  • November 1816: James Monroe defeated Rufus King in the U.S. presidential election.
  • Major legislation

  • April 10, 1816: Establishment of the Second Bank of the United States
  • April 27, 1816: Dallas tariff
  • Proposed, but not enacted

  • March 3, 1817: Bonus Bill of 1817 (vetoed)
  • Treaties

  • August 24, 1816: Treaty of St. Louis signed
  • States admitted and territories organized

  • December 11, 1816: Indiana was admitted as the 19th state, 3 Stat. 399
  • March 3, 1817: Alabama Territory was created from a portion of the Mississippi Territory
  • Party summary

    The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this congress. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.


    During this congress, two Senate seats were added for the new state of Indiana.

    House of Representatives

    During this congress, one House seat was added for the new state of Indiana.


  • President: Vacant
  • President pro tempore: John Gaillard (DR) of South Carolina, first elected December 4, 1815
  • House of Representatives

  • Speaker: Henry Clay (DR) of Kentucky
  • Members

    This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


    Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

    Changes in membership

    The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


    Lists of committees and their party leaders.


  • Attorney General's Office (Select)
  • Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • Compensation of Members of Congress (Select)
  • District of Columbia
  • Finance (Select)
  • Indiana Admission to the Union (Select)
  • Judiciary
  • Military Affairs
  • Militia
  • Memorial of the Mississippi Territory
  • National University
  • Naval Affairs
  • Pensions
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Lands
  • Slave Trade (Select)
  • Weights and Measures (Select)
  • Whole
  • House of Representatives

  • Accounts
  • Assent of Congress to an Act of the Virginia Legislature (Select)
  • Attorney General's Office (Select)
  • Banks of the District of Columbia (Select)
  • Berkshire Association (Select)
  • Bible Society of Philadelphia (Select)
  • Bonus of the National Banks (Select)
  • Bounty Lands Communication (Select)
  • Claims
  • Commerce and Manufactures
  • District of Columbia
  • Elections
  • Expenditures in the Navy Department
  • Expenditures in the Post Office Department
  • Expenditures in the State Department
  • Expenditures in the Treasury Department
  • Expenditures in the War Department
  • Expenditures on Public Buildings
  • Pensions and Revolutionary War Claims
  • Post Office and Post Roads
  • Public Expenditures
  • Public Lands
  • Revisal and Unfinished Business
  • Rules (Select)
  • Standards of Official Conduct
  • Ways and Means
  • Whole
  • Joint committees

  • Enrolled Bills
  • Employees

  • Architect of the Capitol: Benjamin Latrobe
  • Librarian of Congress: George Watterston
  • Senate

  • Chaplain: John Glendie (Presbyterian)
  • Sereno Edwards Dwight, (Congregationalist) elected December 16, 1816
  • Secretary: Charles Cutts
  • Sergeant at Arms: Mountjoy Bayly
  • House of Representatives

  • Chaplain: Spencer H. Cone (Baptist)
  • Burgess Allison (Baptist), elected December 2, 1816
  • Clerk: Thomas Dougherty
  • Doorkeeper: Thomas Claxton
  • Sergeant at Arms: Thomas Dunn
  • References

    14th United States Congress Wikipedia

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